|旋光率||-32 ° (C=1, H2O)|
|产品介绍||比旋光度-32° (c=2,water)。水溶性50 g/L (20℃)。溶于水，微溶于乙醇，不溶于乙醚。|
|别名||N-乙酰神经氨酸(NANA) ;唾液酸;5-Acetamido-3,5-dideoxy-D-glycero-D-galactononulosonic acid Lactaminic acid NAN NANA Sialic acid o-Sialic acid|
N-乙酰神经氨酸 N-acetylneuraminicacid 系唾液酸（N-酰基神经氨酸）在自然界分布最广的，主要是动物细胞膜或分泌液的糖蛋白、糖脂质或细菌荚膜物质等的组成糖。在糖蛋白或糖脂质中，由于2位的酮基形成糖苷键而使它位于糖侧链的非还原性末端，其阴电荷或特有的化学结构使其具有各种生理特异性。在自然界中从病毒直至动物都非常广泛地分布着水解除去末端N-乙酰神经氨酸的酶（神经氨酸苷酶）通过处理这个酶所发生的生理活性变化，已明确了这个末端酸性糖残基的作用。例如这个糖残基构成红血球细胞膜的流感病毒的结合部位，并在血浆糖蛋白与肝细胞的相互辨认或淋巴细胞对循环途径的辨认机制方面起主要作用。生物合成途径虽在动物与细菌里多少有些不同，但都经过N-乙酰甘露糖胺或它的6-磷酸酯，由特异性的焦磷酸酶催化与CTP反应生成CMP-N-乙酰神经氨酸后，由糖基转移反应纳入糖链。
|个人防护设备||Eyeshields,Gloves,type N95 (US),type P1 (EN143) respirator filter|
Multiple, complex molecular events characterize cancer development and progression. Deciphering the molecular networks that distinguish organ-confined disease from metastatic disease may lead to the i...Read More
Evaluation of salivary sialic acid levels in acute lymphoblastic leukemic children and its correlation with dental caries experience.
The aim of present study was to evaluate the salivary sialic acid levels in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemic (ALL) children and to correlate it with dental caries experience.A total of 120 children aged 4...Read More
Human infection associated with a novel reassortant avian influenza H7N9 virus has recently been identified in China. A total of 132 confirmed cases and 39 deaths have been reported. Most patients pre...Read More
[Effect of mutations changing the antigenic specificity on the receptor-binding activity of the influenza virus hemagglutinin of H1 and H5 subtypes].
The influenza virus hemagglutinin (HA) is an envelope virus glycoprotein responsible for the attachment of the virus particles to cells via binding terminal sialic acid residues of cell surface oligos...Read More
Structural determinants for naturally evolving H5N1 hemagglutinin to switch its receptor specificity.
Of the factors governing human-to-human transmission of the highly pathogenic avian-adapted H5N1 virus, the most critical is the acquisition of mutations on the viral hemagglutinin (HA) to "quant...Read More
Structural and biochemical characterization of the broad substrate specificity of Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron commensal sialidase.
Sialidases release the terminal sialic acid residue from a wide range of sialic acid-containing polysaccharides. Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron, a symbiotic commensal microbe, resides in and dominates t...Read More
Relationship between serum nitric oxide and sialic acid in coexisted diabetes, hypertension and nephropathy.
This study was designed to study the relationship between serum nitric oxide and sialic acid in patients of diabetic nephropathy. Total 210 diabetic patients including 115 males and 95 females, suffer...Read More
Naturally occurring bovine-human reassortant rotaviruses with a P VP4 genotype exhibit a tropism for neonates. Interaction of the VP8* domain of the spike protein VP4 with sialic acid was thought ...Read More
Identification of selective inhibitors for human neuraminidase isoenzymes using C4,C7-modified 2-deoxy-2,3-didehydro-N-acetylneuraminic acid (DANA) analogues.
In the past two decades, human neuraminidases (human sialidases, hNEUs) have been found to be involved in numerous pathways in biology. The development of selective and potent inhibitors of these enzy...Read More
Enhanced sialylation and in vivo efficacy of recombinant human α-galactosidase through in vitro glycosylation.
Human α-galactosidase A (GLA) has been used in enzyme replacement therapy for patients with Fabry disease. We expressed recombinant GLA from Chinese hamster ovary cells with very high productivity. W...Read More
Molecular Basis of the Receptor Binding Specificity Switch of the Hemagglutinins from both the 1918 and 2009 Pandemic Influenza A Viruses by a D225G Substitution.
Influenza A virus uses sialic acids as cell entry receptors, and there are two main receptor forms, α2,6 linkage or α2,3 linkage to galactose, that determine virus host ranges (mammalian or avian). ...Read More
The Angelman syndrome protein Ube3a/E6AP is required for Golgi acidification and surface protein sialylation.
Angelman syndrome (AS) is a severe disorder of postnatal brain development caused by neuron-specific loss of the HECT (homologous to E6AP carboxy terminus) domain E3 ubiquitin ligase Ube3a/E6AP. The c...Read More
Artificial and natural sialic acid precursors influence the angiogenic capacity of human umbilical vein endothelial cells.
N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) represents the most common terminal carbohydrate residue in many mammalian glycoconjugates and is directly involved in a number of different physiological as well as p...Read More
Staphylococcus aureus SasA Is Responsible for Binding to the Salivary Agglutinin gp340, Derived from Human Saliva.
Staphylococcus aureus is a major human pathogen that can colonize the nasal cavity, skin, intestine, and oral cavity as a commensal bacterium. gp340, also known as DMBT1 (deleted in malignant brain tu...Read More
Vaccination is the most effective prophylactic method for preventing influenza. Quantification of influenza vaccine antigens is critically important before the vaccine is used for human immunization. ...Read More
Influenza neuraminidase operates via a nucleophilic mechanism and can be targeted by covalent inhibitors.
Development of novel influenza neuraminidase inhibitors is critical for preparedness against influenza outbreaks. Knowledge of the neuraminidase enzymatic mechanism and transition-state analogue, 2-de...Read More
Attachment and Invasion of Neisseria meningitidis to Host Cells Is Related to Surface Hydrophobicity, Bacterial Cell Size and Capsule.
We compared exemplar strains from two hypervirulent clonal complexes, strain NMB-CDC from ST-8/11 cc and strain MC58 from ST-32/269 cc, in host cell attachment and invasion. Strain NMB-CDC attached to...Read More
Of the 132 people known to have been infected with H7N9 influenza viruses in China, 37 died, and many were severely ill. Infection seems to have involved contact with infected poultry. We have examine...Read More
Cloning, expression, purification, crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction studies of N-acetylneuraminate lyase from methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
The enzyme N-acetylneuraminate lyase (EC 18.104.22.168) is involved in the metabolism of sialic acids. Specifically, the enzyme catalyzes the retro-aldol cleavage of N-acetylneuraminic acid to form N-acetyl...Read More
Molecular Basis for Sialic Acid-dependent Receptor Recognition by the Plasmodium falciparum Invasion Protein Erythrocyte-binding Antigen-140/BAEBL.
Plasmodium falciparum erythrocyte invasion is dependent on high affinity recognition of sialic acid on cell surface receptors. The erythrocyte binding-like (EBL) family of invasion ligands mediates re...Read More
Degradation, Foraging, and Depletion of Mucus Sialoglycans by the Vagina-adapted Actinobacterium Gardnerella vaginalis.
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a polymicrobial imbalance of the vaginal microbiota associated with reproductive infections, preterm birth, and other adverse health outcomes. Sialidase activity in vaginal...Read More
O-acetylated N-acetylneuraminic acid as a novel target for therapy in human pre-B acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
The development of resistance to chemotherapy is a major cause of relapse in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Though several mechanisms associated with drug resistance have been studied in detail, ...Read More
Mouse strain-specific differences in the carbohydrate composition of intestinal mucins were hypothesized to account for strain-dependent susceptibility to Entamoeba histolytica. To test this hypothesi...Read More
Members of the pentraxin family, including PTX3 and serum amyloid P component (SAP), have been reported to play a role in innate host defence against a range of microbial pathogens, yet little is know...Read More
The study evaluated the protective role of kolaviron (an isolated biflavonoid from the seed of Garcinia kola) and vitamin E in carbendazim-induced reproductive dysfunction in male rats. Adult male Wis...Read More
Bat-derived influenza hemagglutinin H17 does not bind canonical avian or human receptors and most likely uses a unique entry mechanism.
A new influenza-like virus genome (H17N10) was recently discovered in bats and offers a new perspective about the origin and evolution of influenza viruses. The viral envelope glycoprotein hemagglutin...Read More
A molecular species of sialic acid was isolated in a free form from cerumen of the wet type, but not of the dry type, by an ion-exchange column chromatography and preparative high-performance liquid c...Read More
Human milk glycosidic enzymes and biologically active glycoconjugates incubate together in the breast between the time of synthesis of milk and the next feed, and during storage of expressed milk. The...Read More
Smoking predisposes to peptic ulcer. Bound N-acetylneuraminic acid (NANA) is an essential constituent of mucus. In order to examine whether smoking changes gastric mucus secretion, the concentration o...Read More
Furan H2-antagonist ranitidine inhibits pentagastrin-stimulated gastric secretion stronger than cimetidine.
In each of 7 healthy volunteers, the new furan H2-antagonist ranitidine (0.125, 0.25, 0.5, and 1.0 mg . kg-1 . hr-1) or the imidazole derivative cimetidine or normal saline were intravenously infused ...Read More
Platelet adhesiveness and aggregation. II. Surface sialic acid, glycoprotein: N-acetylneuraminic acid transferase, and neuraminidase of human blood platelets.
Increased amounts of free sialic acid were found in body fluids, leukocytes, cultured fibroblasts, and liver tissue of a four-year-old boy with mental retardation, ataxia, and clinical and radiologic ...Read More
A high-molecular-weight mucin-glycoprotein (MG1) was isolated from human submandibular-sublingual saliva and was comprised of 14.9% protein, 29.0% N-acetylglucosamine, 9.4% N-acetylgalactosamine, 10.5...Read More
Assignment of resonances for 'acute-phase' glycoproteins in high resolution proton NMR spectra of human blood plasma.
Broad resonances at 2.04 and 2.08 ppm in 500 MHz Hahn spin-echo 1H NMR spectra of human blood plasma are assigned to the N-acetyl groups of mobile carbohydrate side-chains (largely N-acetylglucosamine...Read More
Influence of carbohydrate moieties of human serum transferrin on the determination of its molecular mass by polyacrylamide gradient gel electrophoresis and staining with periodic acid-Schiff reagent.
The influence of carbohydrate moieties of transferrin (Tf) on the determination of its molecular mass (MM) by polyacrylamide gradient gel electrophoresis (PAGGE) was investigated. Iron-free native hum...Read More
The effect of the carbohydrate moiety upon the size and conformation of human plasma galactoglycoprotein as judged by electron microscopy and circular dichroism. Structural studies of a glycoprotein after stepwise enzymic carbohydrate removal.
Galactoglycoprotein is a unique human plasma protein [76% carbohydrate (23% N-acetylneuraminic acid, 20% galactose, 3% mannose, 1% fucose and 29% N-acetylgalactosamine plus N-acetylglucosamine) and 24...Read More
The global burden posed by cardiovascular disease (CVD), due to a rising incidence of known risk factors, underlines an urgent need to identify other potential risk factors. Sialic acid (SA), an abund...Read More
Sialic acids are structurally unique nine-carbon keto sugars occupying the interface between the host and commensal or pathogenic microorganisms. An important function of host sialic acid is to regula...Read More
Sialuria is a rare inborn error of metabolism, the hallmarks of which are moderate developmental retardation, coarse facial features, and an enormous amount of free N-acetylneuraminic acid (sialic aci...Read More
Molecular cloning of a unique CMP-sialic acid synthetase that effectively utilizes both deaminoneuraminic acid (KDN) and N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) as substrates.
2-keto-3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-nononic acid (KDN) is a sialic acid (Sia) that is ubiquitously expressed in vertebrates during normal development and tumorigenesis. Its expression is thought to be ...Read More
Sialylation represents one of the most frequently occurring terminations of the oligosaccharide chains of glycoproteins and glycolipids. Sialic acid is commonly found alpha2,3- or alpha2,6-linked to g...Read More
N-Acetylneuraminic acid is the most prominent sialic acid in eukaryotes. The structural diversity of sialic acid is exploited by viruses, bacteria, and toxins and by the sialoglycoproteins and sialogl...Read More
Chronic postnatal administration of methylmalonic acid provokes a decrease of myelin content and ganglioside N-acetylneuraminic acid concentration in cerebrum of young rats.
Levels of methylmalonic acid (MMA) comparable to those of human methylmalonic acidemia were achieved in blood (2-2.5 mmol/l) and brain (1.35 umol/g) of rats by administering buffered MMA, pH 7.4, subc...Read More
In this review, the focus is on the role of salvage pathways in glycosphingolipid, particularly, ganglioside metabolism. Ganglioside de novo biosynthesis, that begins with the formation of ceramide an...Read More
It has been speculated that impaired salivary flow and contents contribute to abnormal acid clearance in patients with reflux esophagitis. To test this hypothesis, salivary secretion of volume, bicarb...Read More
Regulation of gonococcal sialyltransferase, lipooligosaccharide, and serum resistance by glucose, pyruvate, and lactate.
Strain F62 of Neisseria gonorrhoeae gonococci (GC) is sensitive to normal human serum unless CMP-N-acetylneuraminic acid (CMP-NANA) is present. NANA is transferred primarily to a 4.5-kDa lipooligosacc...Read More
Sialic acids (Sias) are terminal components of many glycoproteins and glycolipids especially of higher animals. In this exposed position they contribute significantly to the structural properties of t...Read More