|别名||氢氧化铵 溶液;阿摩尼亚水;Ammonium water; Ammonium solution; Ammonium hydroxide; Aqua ammonium|
|生化机理||Ammonium hydroxide supplied in solution [NH3(aq)] with approximately 28-30% NH3; it appears as a colorless liquid, free from suspended matter or sediment. Aqueous ammonia is used in the laboratory most often as a complexant and base in inorganic analysis. Can also dissolve silver residues. With copper(II) solutions, gives a deep blue coloration. Ammonium hydroxide has also been used as an alternative for decalcifying bone specimens prior to histological examination.|
|标识符号||GHS05, GHS07, GHS09|
|个人防护设备||Faceshields,full-face respirator (US),Gloves,Goggles,multi-purpose combination respirator cartridge (US),type ABEK (EN14387) respirator filter|
Visible light photo-oxidation of model pollutants using CaCu3Ti4O12: an experimental and theoretical study of optical properties, electronic structure, and selectivity.
Charge transfer between metal ions occupying distinct crystallographic sublattices in an ordered material is a strategy to confer visible light absorption on complex oxides to generate potentially cat...Read More
Rapid determination of thiamine, riboflavin, niacinamide, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, folic acid and ascorbic acid in Vitamins with Minerals Tablets by high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detector.
A simple, isocratic, and stability-indicating high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method has been developed for the rapid determination of thiamine (VB(1)), niacinamide (VB(3)), pyridoxine (...Read More
Strategy for pH control and pH feedback-controlled substrate feeding for high-level production of L-tryptophan by Escherichia coli.
Optimum production of L-tryptophan by Escherichia coli depends on pH. Here, we established conditions for optimizing the production of L-tryptophan. The optimum pH range was 6.5-7.2, and pH was contro...Read More
A systematic study of transfection efficiency and cytotoxicity in HeLa cells using iron oxide nanoparticles prepared with organic and inorganic bases.
Magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (magnetite) (MNPs) were prepared using different organic and inorganic bases. Strong inorganic base (KOH) and organic bases (NH(4)OH and 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane...Read More
An ion-pair principle for enantioseparations of basic analytes by nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis using the di-n-butyl L-tartrate-boric acid complex as chiral selector.
A chiral recognition mechanism of ion-pair principle has been proposed in this study. It rationalized the enantioseparations of some basic analytes using the complex of di-n-butyl l-tartrate and boric...Read More
Enzymatic hydrolysis and ethanol yields of combined surfactant and dilute ammonia treated sugarcane bagasse.
Tween 80, Tween 20, PEG 4000 or PEG 6000 was used in combination with ammonium hydroxide for the pretreatment of sugarcane bagasse. Pretreatment was carried out by mixing sugarcane bagasse, ammonium h...Read More
Two experiments were conducted to assess the effects of succinate and pH on cooked beef color. In experiment 1, ten strip loins (M. longissimus lumborum) were divided in half and assigned to either no...Read More
A cationic polymer nanobrush was synthesized, attached to a MALDI target, and used for the fractionation of peptides and proteins based on their pI, prior to analysis by MALDI-MS. The cationic polymer...Read More
CIEF of components following sequential injection of ampholytes and the sample zone offers unique advantages for analysis. The most important one of these is the efficient separation of amphoteric com...Read More
Analysis of basic compounds by supercritical fluid chromatography: attempts to improve peak shape and maintain mass spectrometry compatibility.
While neutral and acidic compounds are well separated by supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC), basic analytes are more challenging to separate and often problems occur with their peak shapes. Two ...Read More
Separation of polypeptides by isoelectric point focusing in electrospray-friendly solution using a multiple-junction capillary fractionator.
We introduce an online multiple-junction capillary isoelectric focusing fractionator (OMJ-CIEF) for separation of biological molecules in solution by pI. In OMJ-CIEF, the separation capillary is divid...Read More
Pretreatment of sugarcane bagasse with NH4OHH2O2 and ionic liquid for efficient hydrolysis and bioethanol production
An efficient pretreatment method using NH(4)OH-H(2)O(2) and ionic liquid (IL) was developed for the recovery of cellulose from sugarcane bagasse (SCB). The regenerated SCB from the combined pretreatme...Read More
We have developed a NH(3)/H(2)O(2) two-step method for the recovery of insulin monomers from amyloid fibrils by modulating the cleavage and regeneration of disulfide bonds. Insulin fibrils were disagg...Read More
Comparison of decellularization techniques for preparation of extracellular matrix scaffolds derived from three-dimensional cell culture.
Extracellular matrix (ECM) scaffolds derived from cultured cells have drawn increasing attention for use in tissue engineering. We have developed a method to prepare cultured cell-derived ECM scaffold...Read More
Mitigation of signal suppression caused by the use of trifluoroacetic acid in liquid chromatography mobile phases during liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis via post-column addition of ammonium hydroxide.
A method has been developed to reduce the mass spectrometric ion signal suppression associated with the use of TFA as an additive in LC mobile phases. Through post-column infusion of diluted NH(4)OH s...Read More
Several zirconium-based metal-organic frameworks (Zr-MOFs) have been synthesized using ammonium hydroxide as an additive in the synthesis process. Their physicochemical properties have been characteri...Read More
Biological treatment of TMAH (tetra-methyl ammonium hydroxide) in a full-scale TFT-LCD wastewater treatment plant
This study evaluated biological treatment of TMAH in a full-scale methanogenic up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) followed by an aerobic bioreactor. In general, the UASB was able to perform a sat...Read More
In forensic toxicology general alkaline drug screens typically utilize liquid liquid [LLE] or solid phase extraction [SPE] sample preparation techniques. It is expected that different drugs will be de...Read More
Fermentation of reactive-membrane-extracted and ammonium-hydroxide-conditioned dilute-acid-pretreated corn stover.
Acid-pretreated biomass contains various compounds (acetic acid, etc.) that are inhibitory to fermentative microorganisms. Removing or deactivating these compounds using detoxification methods such as...Read More
Active control of nanolitre droplet contents with convective concentration gradients across permeable walls.
Nanolitre droplets in microfluidic devices can be used to perform thousands of independent chemical and biological experiments while minimizing reagents, cost and time. However, the absence of simple ...Read More
The use of ammonium hydroxide as an additive in supercritical fluid chromatography for achiral and chiral separations and purifications of small, basic medicinal molecules.
This study describes using 0.1% of a 28-30% ammonium hydroxide solution as an additive to alcohol modifiers in SFC to improve chromatographic peak shapes for basic molecules. Ammonium hydroxide's...Read More
Enhancement of enzymatic hydrolysis and Klason lignin removal of corn stover using photocatalyst-assisted ammonia pretreatment.
Photocatalyst-assisted ammonia pretreatment was explored to improve lignin removal of the lignocellulosic biomass for effective sugar conversion. Corn stover was treated with 5.0-12.5 wt.% ammonium hy...Read More
Effect of ionization modifiers on the simultaneous analysis of all classes of phospholipids by nanoflow liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry in negative ion mode
The effect of ionization modifiers added to the mobile phase of nanoflow liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (nLC-ESI-MS3) on the simultaneous analysis of all phospholipid (PL) classes in n...Read More
Modified mesoporous silica materials for on-line separation and preconcentration of hexavalent chromium using a microcolumn coupled with flame atomic absorption spectrometry
A modified SBA-15 mesoporous silica material NH(2)-SBA-15 was synthesized successfully by grafting γ-aminopropyl-triethoxysilane. The material was characterized using transmission electron microscopy...Read More
Analysis of 11-nor-Δ9 -tetrahydrocannabinol-9-carboxylic acid and its glucuronide in urine by capillary electrophoresis/mass spectrometry.
Δ(9) -Tetrahydrocannabinol is the primary psychoactive component in cannabis, one of the most commonly used illicit drugs in the world. This paper describes a simple and rapid method for direct analy...Read More
Hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry for the characterization of prebiotic galactooligosaccharides.
Three different stationary phases (sulfoalkylbetaine zwitterionic, polyhydroxyethyl aspartamide and ethylene bridge hybrid (BEH) with trifunctionally bonded amide), operating at hydrophilic interactio...Read More
Differential expressions of adhesive molecules and proteases define mechanisms of ovarian tumor cell matrix penetration/invasion.
Epithelial ovarian cancer is an aggressive and deadly disease and understanding its invasion mechanisms is critical for its treatment. We sought to study the penetration/invasion of ovarian tumor cell...Read More
Optimization of dynamic pH junction for the sensitive determination of amino acids in urine by capillary electrophoresis.
A capillary electrophoresis method with UV-absorbance detection was studied and optimized for the determination of underivatized amino acids in urine. To improve concentration sensitivity the utility ...Read More
Validated LC-MS/MS method for the quantitative determination of the glucosylceramide synthase inhibitor miglustat in mouse plasma and human plasma and its application to a pharmacokinetic study.
A sensitive liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method has been developed to quantify miglustat in mouse plasma and in human plasma. The method involved simple protein precipitation with me...Read More