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GHS 危害和防护代码

HAZARD AND PRECAUTIONARY STATEMENTS

Hazard Statements

(There are 72 individual and 17 combined Hazard statements)

Physical Hazards

H200 Unstable explosives.
H201 Explosive; mass explosion hazard.
H202 Explosive, severe projection hazard.
H203 Explosive; fire, blast or projection hazard.
H204 Fire or projection hazard.
H205 May mass explode in fire.
H220 Extremely flammable gas.
H221 Flammable gas.
H222 Extremely flammable aerosol.
H223 Flammable aerosol.
H224 Extremely flammable liquid and vapour.
H225 Highly flammable liquid and vapour.
H226 Flammable liquid and vapour.
H227 Combustible liquid.
H228 Flammable solid.
H240 Heating may cause an explosion.
H241 Heating may cause a fire or explosion.
H242 Heating may cause a fire.
H250 Catches fire spontaneously if exposed to air.
H251 Self-heating: may catch fire.
H252 Self-heating in large quantities; may catch fire.
H260 In contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite spontaneously.
H261 In contact with water releases flammable gas.
H270 May cause or intensify fire; oxidizer.
H271 May cause fire or explosion; strong oxidizer.
H272 May intensify fire; oxidizer.
H280 Contains gas under pressure; may explode if heated.
H281 Contains refrigerated gas; may cause cryogenic burns or injury.
H290 May be corrosive to metals.


Environmental Hazards

H400 Very toxic to aquatic life.
H401 Toxic to aquatic life.
H402 Harmful to aquatic life.
H410 Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.
H411 Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.
H412 Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects.
H413 May cause long lasting harmful effects to aquatic life.
H420 Harms public health and the environment by destroying ozone in the upper atmospere.


European Union Hazard Statements

EUH001 Explosive when dry.
EUH006 Explosive with or without contact with air.
EUH014 Reacts violently with water.
EUH018 In use may form flammable/explosive vapour-air mixture.
EUH018a In use may form explosive vapour-air mixture.
EUH018b In use may form flammable vapour-air mixture.
EUH019 May form explosive peroxides.
EUH029 Contact with water liberates toxic gas.
EUH030 Can become highly flammable in use.
EUH031 Contact with acids liberates toxic gas.
EUH032 Contact with acids liberates very toxic gas.
EUH044 Risk of explosion if heated under confinement.
EUH059 Hazardous to the ozone layer.
EUH066 Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking.
EUH070 Toxic by eye contact.
EUH071 Corrosive to the respiratory tract.
EUH201 Contains lead. Should not be used on surfaces liable to be chewed or sucked by children. Warning! Contains lead.
EUH201A Warning! Contains lead.
EUH202 Cyanoacrylate. Danger. Bonds skin and eyes in seconds. Keep out of the reach of children.
EUH203 Contains chromium (VI). May produce an allergic reaction.
EUH204 Contains isocyanates. See information supplied by the manufacturer.
EUH205 Contains epoxy constituents. See information supplied by the manufacturer.
EUH206 Warning! Do not use together with other products. May release dangerous gases (chlorine).
EUH207 Warning! Contains cadmium. Dangerous fumes are formed during use. See information supplied by the manufacturer.
Comply with the safety instructions.
EUH207-EG Warning! Contains cadmium. Dangerous fumes are formed during use. See information supplied by the manufacturer.
Comply with the safety instructions.
EUH208 Contains (name of sensitising substance). May produce an allergic reaction.
EUH208-EG Contains (name of sensitising substance). May produce an allergic reaction.
EUH209 Can become highly flammable in use.
EUH209a Can become highly flammable in use.
EUH209b Can become flammable in use.
EUH209A Can become flammable in use.
EUH210 Safety data sheet available on request.
EUH401 To avoid risks to human health and the environment, comply with the instructions for use.


Precautionary Statements

(There are 116 individual and 33 combined Precautionary statements)


Precautionary statements - General

P101 If medical advice is needed,have product container or label at hand.
P102 Keep out of reach of children.
P103 Read label before use


Precautionary statements - Prevention

P201 Obtain special instructions before use.
P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P211 Do not spray on an open flame or other ignition source.
P220 Keep/Store away from clothing/…/combustible materials.
P221 Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles/…
P222 Do not allow contact with air.
P223 Keep away from any possible contact with water, because of violent reaction and possible flash fire.
P230 Keep wetted with …
P231 Handle under inert gas.
P232 Protect from moisture.
P233 Keep container tightly closed.
P234 Keep only in original container.
P235 Keep cool.
P240 Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241 Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/…/equipment.
P242 Use only non-sparking tools.
P243 Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P244 Keep reduction valves free from grease and oil.
P250 Do not subject to grinding/shock/…/friction.
P251 Pressurized container: Do not pierce or burn, even after use.
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P262 Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing.
P263 Avoid contact during pregnancy/while nursing.
P264 Wash hands thoroughly after handling.
P264 Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P272 Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P281 Use personal protective equipment as required.
P282 Wear cold insulating gloves/face shield/eye protection.
P283 Wear fire/flame resistant/retardant clothing.
P284 Wear respiratory protection.
P285 In case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection.
P231+P232 Handle under inert gas. Protect from moisture.
P235+P410 Keep cool. Protect from sunlight.


Precautionary statements - Response

P301 IF SWALLOWED:
P304 IF INHALED:
P305 IF IN EYES:
P306 IF ON CLOTHING:
P307 IF exposed:
P308 IF exposed or concerned:
P309 IF exposed or if you feel unwell:
P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P311 Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P312 Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.
P313 Get medical advice/attention.
P314 Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell.
P315 Get immediate medical advice/attention.
P320 Specific treatment is urgent (see … on this label).
P321 Specific treatment (see … on this label).
P322 Specific measures (see …on this label).
P330 Rinse mouth.
P331 Do NOT induce vomiting.
P332 IF SKIN irritation occurs:
P333 If skin irritation or rash occurs:
P334 Immerse in cool water/wrap n wet bandages.
P335 Brush off loose particles from skin.
P336 Thaw frosted parts with lukewarm water. Do not rub affected area.
P337 If eye irritation persists:
P338 Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P340 Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P341 If breathing is difficult, remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P342 If experiencing respiratory symptoms:
P350 Gently wash with plenty of soap and water.
P351 Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes.
P352 Wash with plenty of soap and water.
P353 Rinse skin with water/shower.
P360 Rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes.
P361 Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.
P362 Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.
P363 Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.
P370 In case of fire:
P371 In case of major fire and large quantities:
P372 Explosion risk in case of fire.
P373 DO NOT fight fire when fire reaches explosives.
P374 Fight fire with normal precautions from a reasonable distance.
P376 Stop leak if safe to do so. Oxidising gases (section 2.4) 1
P377 Leaking gas fire: Do not extinguish, unless leak can be stopped safely.
P378 Use … for extinction.
P380 Evacuate area.
P381 Eliminate all ignition sources if safe to do so.
P390 Absorb spillage to prevent material damage.
P391 Collect spillage. Hazardous to the aquatic environment
P301+P310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P301+P312 IF SWALLOWED: call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician IF you feel unwell.
P301+P330+P331 IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.
P302+P334 IF ON SKIN: Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages.
P302+P350 IF ON SKIN: Gently wash with plenty of soap and water.
P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: wash with plenty of soap and water.
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P304+P312 IF INHALED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.
P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and Keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P304+P341 IF INHALED: If breathing is difficult, remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305+P351+P338
P306+P360 IF ON CLOTHING: Rinse Immediately contaminated CLOTHING and SKIN with plenty of water before removing clothes.
P307+P311 IF exposed: call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P308+P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.
P309+P311 IF exposed or if you feel unwell: call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P332+P313 IF SKIN irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P333+P313 IF SKIN irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P335+P334 Brush off loose particles from skin. Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages.
P337+P313 IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
P342+P311 IF experiencing respiratory symptoms: call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P370+P376 in case of fire: Stop leak if safe to Do so.
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use … for extinction.
P370+P380 in case of fire: Evacuate area.
P370+P380+P375 in case of fire: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.
P371+P380+P375 in case of major fire and large quantities: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.


Precautionary statements — Storage

P401 Store …
P402 Store in a dry place.
P403 Store in a well-ventilated place.
P404 Store in a closed container.
IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P405 Store locked up.
P406 Store in corrosive resistant/… container with a resistant inner liner.
P407 Maintain air gap between stacks/pallets.
P410 Protect from sunlight.
P411 Store at temperatures not exceeding … oC/…oF.
P412 Do not expose to temperatures exceeding 50 oC/ 122 oF.
P413 Store bulk masses greater than … kg/…lbs at temperatures not exceeding … oC/…oF.
P420 Store away from other materials.
P422 Store contents under …
P402+P404 Store in a dry place. Store in a closed container.
P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P410+P403 Protect from sunlight. Store in a well-ventilated place.
P410+P412 Protect from sunlight. Do not expose to temperatures exceeding 50 oC/122oF.
P411+P235 Store at temperatures not exceeding … oC/…oF. Keep cool.


Precautionary statements — Disposal

P501 Dispose of contents/container to..…
P502 Refer to manufacturer/supplier for information on recovery/recycling

PICTOGRAMS AND HAZARD CODES

Compared to the current EU system the most noticeable change are the pictograms (formerly: hazard symbols). While the most of the GHS pictograms
have an equivalent in the old system, the pictograms GHS 04, GHS 07 and GHS 08 are completely new.

The GHS System is built on 16 physical, 10 health and 3 environmental hazard classes and comprises the following communication elements:

9 Pictograms

Description Pictogram Hazard class and hazard category:
Exploding Bomb
GHS01
GHS01 Unstable explosives
Explosives of Divisions 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4
Self reactive substances and mixtures, Types A,B
Organic peroxides, Types A,B
Flame
GHS02
GHS02 Flammable gases, category 1
Flammable aerosols, categories 1,2
Flammable liquids, categories 1,2,3
Flammable solids, categories 1,2
Self-reactive substances and mixtures, Types B,C,D,E,F
Pyrophoric liquids, category 1
Pyrophoric solids, category 1
Self-heating substances and mixtures, categories 1,2
Substances and mixtures, which in contact with water,
emit flammable gases, categories 1,2,3
Organic peroxides, Types B,C,D,E,F
Flame Over Circle
GHS03
Oxidizing gases, category 1
Oxidizing liquids, categories 1,2,3
Gas Cylinder
GHS04
Gases under pressure:
- Compressed gases
- Liquefied gases
- Refrigerated liquefied gases
- Dissolved gases
Corrosion
GHS05
Corrosive to metals, category 1
Skin corrosion, categories 1A,1B,1C
Serious eye damage, category 1
Skull and Crossbones
GHS06
Acute toxicity (oral, dermal, inhalation), categories 1,2,3
Exclamation Mark
GHS07
Acute toxicity (oral, dermal, inhalation), category 4
Skin irritation, category 2
Eye irritation, category 2
Skin sensitisation, category 1
Specific Target Organ Toxicity – Single exposure, category 3
Health Hazard
GHS08
Respiratory sensitization, category 1
Germ cell mutagenicity, categories 1A,1B,2
Carcinogenicity, categories 1A,1B,2
Reproductive toxicity, categories 1A,1B,2
Specific Target Organ Toxicity – Single exposure, categories 1,2
Specific Target Organ Toxicity – Repeated exposure, categories 1,2
Aspiration Hazard, category 1
Environment
GHS09
Hazardous to the aquatic environment
- Acute hazard, category1
- Chronic hazard, categories 1,2

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