|别名||泻盐;Epsom salt; Bitter salt|
|个人防护设备||Eyeshields,Gloves,type N95 (US),type P1 (EN143) respirator filter|
Magnesium sulfate maintenance infusion in women with preeclampsia: a randomized comparison between 2 gram per hour and 1 gram per hour.
To compare the percentages of pregnant women with preeclampsia who reached the therapeutic serum magnesium levels between those who received maintenance magnesium sulfate infusion of 2 g/hour versus I...Read More
Severe pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are common causes of maternal deaths worldwide and more so in developing countries. Magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) is now the most-recommended drug of choice to treat th...Read More
Training health workers for magnesium sulfate use reduces case fatality from eclampsia: results from a multicenter trial.
To investigate the effectiveness of an intervention aimed at improving the case management of eclampsia.A multi-center intervention study.Six teaching hospitals in Nigeria.Clinical records of cases of...Read More
Effect of intrathecal magnesium in the presence or absence of local anaesthetic with and without lipophilic opioids: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Spinal anaesthesia is the primary anaesthetic technique for many types of surgery. Adjuncts to the local anaesthetics (LA) used in spinal anaesthesia can exhibit undesirable side-effects, limiting the...Read More
Magnesium sulphate for prevention of eclampsia: are intramuscular and intravenous regimens equivalent? A population pharmacokinetic study.
To compare magnesium sulphate concentrations achieved by intramuscular and intravenous regimens used for the prevention of eclampsia.Low-resource obstetric hospitals in Nagpur and Vellore, India.Pregn...Read More
Pharmacotherapy for preeclampsia in low and middle income countries: an analysis of essential medicines lists.
To determine the prevalence of drugs for comprehensive management of preeclampsia in national essential medicine lists (EMLs) in low and middle income countries (LMICs)We collected EMLs from the 144 L...Read More
It is widely accepted that ATP secretion in diverse cells involves pannexin 1 (Panx1) that functions as an ATP-permeable channel. We analyzed the permeability of Panx1 channels heterologically express...Read More
Magnesium sulphate is extensively used in obstetrics for the treatment and prevention of eclampsia. A recent meta-analysis has shown that magnesium sulphate is an effective fetal neuroprotective agent...Read More
Therapeutic effect of magnesium sulphate on carbon monoxide toxicity-mediated brain lipid peroxidation.
Carbon monoxide (CO) toxicity primarily results from cellular hypoxia caused by impedance of oxygen delivery. Studies show that CO may cause brain lipid peroxidation and leukocyte-mediated inflammator...Read More
Comparison of salbutamol with normal saline and salbutamol with magnesium sulphate in the treatment of severe acute asthma.
This study compared the efficacy and safety of nebulized magnesium sulphate with salbutamol to normal saline with salbutamol as the initial treatment of severe acute asthma patients. The present study...Read More
Advances in medical care of preterm infants, including the widespread use of surfactant and antenatal steroids, and improvements in ventilation management, have increased the survival rates of some of...Read More
An integrative review of the side effects related to the use of magnesium sulfate for pre-eclampsia and eclampsia management.
Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia is one of the most common causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality in low and middle income countries. Magnesium sulfate is the drug of choice for prevention of...Read More
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease causing muscle weakness due to impaired transmission at the neuromuscular junction. MG or a MG-like condition may be triggered or exacerbated by several...Read More
: Clinical trials support the efficacy and safety of magnesium sulfate for cerebral palsy prevention. We evaluated the implementation of a clinical protocol for the use of magnesium for cerebral palsy...Read More
Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials on magnesium in addition to beta-blocker for prevention of postoperative atrial arrhythmias after coronary artery bypass grafting.
Atrial arrhythmia (AA) is the most common complication after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Only beta-blockers and amiodarone have been convincingly shown to decrease its incidence. The effec...Read More
Effect of magnesium on gastrointestinal transit time in normal and diabetic rats: possible mechanism of action.
Many gastrointestinal complications in diabetes are connected to neurohumoral dysfunction resulting in abnormalities of intestinal motility, secretion and absorption. Minerals have been reported as es...Read More
A double-blinded randomised controlled study of the value of sequential intravenous and oral magnesium therapy in patients with chronic low back pain with a neuropathic component.
Persistent mechanical irritation of the nerve root sets up a series of events mediating sensitisation of the dorsal roots and dorsal horns in the spinal cord. Current evidence supports the role of mag...Read More
Maternal plasma levels of endothelial dysfunction mediators including AM, CGRP, sICAM-1 and tHcy in pre-eclampsia.
Pre-eclampsia is a pregnancy-specific disorder of widespread vascular endothelial dysfunction that occurs after twenty weeks of gestation.The aim of the present study was to compare maternal circulati...Read More
Minimal effective dose of magnesium sulfate for attenuation of intubation response in hypertensive patients.
To study the minimal effective dose of magnesium sulfate to control blood pressure (BP) during intubation in hypertensive patients.Prospective, randomized, double-blind study.Operating room of an acad...Read More
Acute organophosphorus (OP) poisoning is relatively common and a major cause of death from poisoning in developing countries. Magnesium has been shown to be of benefit in animal models.We conducted a ...Read More
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is relatively common and there are treatment options for virtually every form of CHD. With good care, the majority of babies can survive to adulthood; however, CHD remai...Read More
Demographics, clinical course, and outcomes of children with status asthmaticus treated in a pediatric intensive care unit: 8-year review.
Objective. This study was done to understand the demographics, clinical course, and outcomes of children with status asthmaticus treated in a tertiary care pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Method...Read More
Determination of high-affinity choline uptake (HACU) and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) activity in the same population of cultured cells.
Cholinergic neurons are a major constituent of the mammalian central nervous system. Acetylcholine, the neurotransmitter used by cholinergic neurons, is synthesized from choline and acetyl CoA by the ...Read More