|别名||并苯;煤焦油脑;环烷;Naphthalin; Naphthene; Tar camphor; White tar; Naphthalene Zone Refined|
|标识符号||GHS07, GHS08, GHS09|
|个人防护设备||Eyeshields,Faceshields,full-face particle respirator type N100 (US),Gloves,respirator cartridge type N100 (US),type P1 (EN143) respirator filter,type P3 (EN 143) respirator cartridges|
The nongenotoxic carcinogens naphthalene and para-dichlorobenzene suppress apoptosis in Caenorhabditis elegans.
Naphthalene (1) and para-dichlorobenzene (PDCB, 2), which are widely used as moth repellents and air fresheners, cause cancer in rodents and are potential human carcinogens. However, their mechanisms ...Read More
The dopamine transporter (DAT) plays a pivotal role in the regulation of dopamine neurotransmission, and is involved in a number of physiological functions and brain disorders. Furthermore the DAT ana...Read More
Selective growth of dual-color-emitting heterogeneous microdumbbells composed of organic charge-transfer complexes.
We report a simple yet versatile solution route for constructing heterojunctions from luminescent organic charge-transfer (CT) complexes through a two-step seeded-growth method. Using this method, we ...Read More
Ascorbic acid enhances the accumulation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in roots of tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.).
Plant contamination by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is crucial to food safety and human health. Enzyme inhibitors are commonly utilized in agriculture to control plant metabolism of organic...Read More
QSPR modeling of octanol/water partition coefficient for vitamins by optimal descriptors calculated with SMILES
Simplified molecular input line entry system (SMILES) has been utilized in constructing quantitative structure-property relationships (QSPR) for octanol/water partition coefficient of vitamins and org...Read More
Conjugates of desferrioxamine B (DFOB) with derivatives of adamantane or with orally available chelators as potential agents for treating iron overload.
Desferrioxamine B (DFOB) conjugates with adamantane-1-carboxylic acid, 3-hydroxyadamantane-1-carboxylic acid, 3,5-dimethyladamantane-1-carboxylic acid, adamantane-1-acetic acid, 4-methylphenoxyacetic ...Read More
Exploring QSAR and QAAR for inhibitors of cytochrome P450 2A6 and 2A5 enzymes using GFA and G/PLS techniques
A series of naphthalene and non-naphthalene derivatives (n=42) having cytochrome P450 2A6 and 2A5 inhibitory activities, reported by Rahnasto et al., were subjected to QSAR and QAAR studies. The analy...Read More
Physiological roles of mycothiol in detoxification and tolerance to multiple poisonous chemicals in Corynebacterium glutamicum.
Mycothiol (MSH) plays important roles in maintaining cytosolic redox homeostasis and in adapting to reactive oxygen species in the high-(G?+?C)-content Gram-positive Actinobacteria. However, its physi...Read More
We're sorry this abstract is currently not available....Read More
Extraction of bioavailable contaminants from marine sediments: An approach to reducing toxicity using adsorbent parcels.
This paper demonstrates an approach to reducing acute toxicity in marine sediments using adsorbent parcels. Acute toxicity tests were carried using the marine amphipod Corophium volutator. Marine sedi...Read More
Effect of central ventilation and air conditioner system on the concentration and health risk from airborne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
Central ventilation and air conditioner systems are widely utilized nowadays in public places for air exchange and temperature control, which significantly influences the transfer of pollutants betwee...Read More
Defective epithelial repair in the setting of chronic lung disease has been suggested to contribute to uncontrolled extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition and development of fibrosis. We sought to dire...Read More
Mechanistic understanding of tetracycline sorption on waste tire powder and its chars as affected by Cu(2+) and pH.
The sorption characteristics of tetracycline (TC) by waste tire powder and its chars were investigated to explore the potential of using waste tires as effective sorbents for removal of TC from aqueou...Read More
A high-surface-area carbon (KC-1) was prepared from waste polystyrene-based ion exchange resin by KOH activation and used for naphthalene adsorption. The carbon exhibited a good hydrophobic nature wit...Read More
To investigate protective effect of Coleus aromaticus leaf extract against naphthalene induced hepatotoxicity in rats.Eighteen male rats were divided into three groups. Group I rats were treated as co...Read More
Substituted naphthalenyl derivatives bearing oxazole, or thiazole or furyl heteronuclei have been carried out as bioisosters of aryl-oxazoles and -thiazoles derivatives previously reported in order to...Read More
A simple but accurate potential for the naphthalene-argon complex: Applications to collisional energy transfer and matrix isolated IR spectroscopy.
An explicit polarizable potential for the naphthalene-argon complex has been derived assuming only atomic contributions, aiming at large scale simulations of naphthalene under argon environment. The p...Read More
We report a small molecule two-photon probe (SAD1) that shows a significant TP action cross section (170 GM), binds to Aβ plaques specifically, readily enters the brain through the BBB, and can direc...Read More
Naphthalene-based environmentally sensitive fluorescent 8-substituted 2'-deoxyadenosines: application to DNA detection.
We synthesized various C8-naphthylethynylated 2'-deoxyadenosine derivatives and investigated their photophysical properties. Among them, cyano- and N,N-dimethylamino-substituted 8-naphthylethynyl...Read More
Aryl-naphthalene diacetates prepared from bispropargyl sulfones, ethers and amines via Garratt-Braverman Cyclization have been selectively hydrolysed by AK lipase to the monoacetates 12a-c in high yie...Read More
Headspace solid-phase microextraction with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry determination of naphthalene in the composite food samples from the 2011 Canadian total diet study in Ottawa.
There are reports of improved metabolic outcomes due to consumption of germinated brown rice (GBR). Many of the functional effects of GBR can be linked to its high amounts of antioxidants. Interesting...Read More
Complete genome sequence of the naphthalene-degrading bacterium Pseudomonas stutzeri AN10 (CCUG 29243).
Pseudomonas stutzeri AN10 (CCUG 29243) can be considered a model strain for aerobic naphthalene degradation. We report the complete genome sequence of this bacterium. Its 4.71-Mb chromosome provides i...Read More
Naphthalene vapor is a nasal cytotoxicant in the rat and mouse but is a nasal carcinogen in only the rat. Inhalation dosimetry is a critical aspect of the inhalation toxicology of inspired vapors and ...Read More
Removal effectiveness and mechanisms of naphthalene and heavy metals from artificially contaminated soil by iron chelate-activated persulfate.
The effectiveness and mechanisms of naphthalene and metal removal from artificially contaminated soil by FeEDTA/FeEDDS-activated persulfate were investigated through batch experiments. Using FeEDTA-ac...Read More
Determination of association constants between 5'-guanosine monophosphate gel and aromatic compounds by capillary electrophoresis.
Hydro gel formed by 5'-guanosine monophosphate (GMP) in the presence of a potassium ion is expected to exhibit interesting selectivity in capillary electrophoretic separations. Here, we estimated...Read More
The achievable separation speed and resolution of columns packed with the new 4.6μm Kinetex particles were characterized by their permeability and their plate heights, measured meticulously. Their sp...Read More
Aggressive forms of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) respond poorly to conventional anticancer chemotherapy, and new lead compounds are required for the development of drugs to treat this fatal disease. Re...Read More
Tunable Morphology and Mesophase Formation by Naphthalene-Containing Poly(aryl ether) Dendron-Based Low-Molecular-Weight Fluorescent Gels.
Novel poly(aryl ether) dendron-based low-molecular-weight organogelaters (LMWG) containing naphthalene units at the core have been synthesized, and the self-assembly of the system has been examined in...Read More
Influence of nitrogen excited species on the destruction of naphthalene in nitrogen and air using surface dielectric barrier discharge.
The destruction of naphthalene, as representative polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, by surface dielectric barrier discharge is investigated in air as well as dry and humidified nitrogen at ambient tem...Read More
Arylation of 2-substituted pyridines via Pd-catalyzed decarboxylative cross-coupling reactions of 2-picolinic acid.
The novel palladium-catalyzed decarboxylative cross-coupling reactions of 2-picolinic acid with aryl and heteroaryl bromides including benzenes, naphthalenes, pyridines and quinolines for C-C bond for...Read More
Naphthalene, a widely used industrial and household chemical, has rarely been an agent of poisoning worldwide. Severe haemolysis from naphthalene poisoning is rare and can be a challenge to clinicians...Read More
To evaluate the health risk of vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) photolysis of naphthalene (NP) in indoor air, intermediates were detected by gas chromatograph-mass spectrometry and proton transfer reaction-ma...Read More
1,5-Diphenylpent-3-en-1-ynes and methyl naphthalene carboxylates from Lawsonia inermis and their anti-inflammatory activity.
Lawsonia inermis (Lythraceae) known as henna is one of the most popular and ancient plants used in cosmetics and hair dying. It is cultivated for its leaves but other parts such as seeds, flowers, ste...Read More
The Pseudomonas putida АК5 that was isolated from the slime pit of a Nizhnekamsk oil chemical factory can metabolize naphthalene via salicylate and gentisate. Catabolic genes are localized on non-co...Read More