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Radiochromic micelle gel dosimeters are promising for three-dimensional (3D) radiation dosimetry because they can be read out by optical CT techniques and they have superior spatial stability compared...Read More
Preparation of hybrid soda-lime/quartz glass chips with wettability-patterned channels for manipulation of flow profiles in droplet-based analytical systems.
Profile switching of two-phase flows is often required in microfluidic systems. Manipulation of flow profiles can be realized by control of local surface energy of micro channel through wettability-pa...Read More
Polyphosphates and pyrophosphates of hexopyranoses as allosteric effectors of human hemoglobin: synthesis, molecular recognition, and effect on oxygen release.
Polyphosphorylated and perphosphorylated hexopyranose monosaccharides and disaccharides were synthesized from parent or partially protected carbohydrates as potential allosteric effectors of hemoglobi...Read More
Curing behavior and gel properties of dextran are investigated during its crosslinking by epichlorohydrin (ECH) using rheometry and equilibrium swelling studies. Each ECH/anhydroglucose unit of differ...Read More
In this work, sewage sludge was used as precursor in the production of activated carbon by means of chemical activation with KOH and NaOH. The sludge-based activated carbons were investigated for thei...Read More
BACKGROUND: RHOGTPases play a significant role in modulating myometrial contractility in uterine smooth muscle. They are regulated by at least three families of proteins, RHO guanine nucleotide exchan...Read More
Ligand selectivity of D2 dopamine receptors is modulated by changes in local dynamics produced by sodium binding.
We have uncovered a significant allosteric response of the D(2) dopamine receptor to physiologically relevant concentrations of sodium (140 mM), characterized by a sodium-enhanced binding affinity for...Read More
Speciation of organic phosphorus in a sediment profile of Lake Taihu. I: Chemical forms and their transformation.
Organic phosphorus (nonreactive P, NRP) is a major component of P in sediments, but information about its chemical forms and dynamic transformation is limited. The chemical forms and dynamic behaviors...Read More
Till date several methods of chemical synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNps) are known. Most of the protocol dealing with the chemical synthesis of AgNps involves high pressure, temperature, energy...Read More
Methods were investigated for biofilm regeneration on carriers in a moving bed biofilm reactor used for vitamin C production wastewater treatment. Three ordinary chemical cleaning agents (hydrochloric...Read More
Blockade of the intermediate-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel inhibits the angiogenesis induced by epidermal growth factor in the treatment of corneal alkali burn.
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) is used to treat alkali-burned corneas. However, EGF-induced corneal angiogenesis, which is currently untreatable, is a side effect of this therapy. We therefore explored...Read More
Rapid method for the separation and recovery of endocrine-disrupting compound bisphenol AP from wastewater.
The removal of bisphenol AP (BPAP) by a multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) was investigated. BPAP, representing typical scenarios for the BPAP-MWCNT interactions, was employed as a probe molecule. It...Read More
An ion-pair principle for enantioseparations of basic analytes by nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis using the di-n-butyl L-tartrate-boric acid complex as chiral selector.
A chiral recognition mechanism of ion-pair principle has been proposed in this study. It rationalized the enantioseparations of some basic analytes using the complex of di-n-butyl l-tartrate and boric...Read More
Monoclonal antibody heterogeneity analysis and deamidation monitoring with high-performance cation-exchange chromatofocusing using simple, two component buffer systems.
The use of either a polyampholyte buffer or a simple buffer system for the high-performance cation-exchange chromatofocusing of monoclonal antibodies is demonstrated for the case where the pH gradient...Read More
In this work, a series of cellulose/collagen hydrolysate (RC/CH) films were prepared in NaOH/urea aqueous solution via a simple, low-cost and green pathway. To overcome the disadvantages (brittleness,...Read More
Stability of inclusion complex formed by cellulose in NaOH/urea aqueous solution at low temperature.
Cellulose has been demonstrated to be dissolved in 7wt% NaOH/12wt% urea aqueous solution pre-cooled to -12°C, as a result of the formation of inclusion complexes (ICs) associated with cellulose, urea...Read More
The dry pyrolysis of magnesium ammonium phosphate (MAP) with NaOH powder for ammonium release was investigated, as well as the utility of MAP pyrolysate recycling. The identities of the MAP pyrolysate...Read More
Interlaboratory study of free cyanide methods compared to total cyanide measurements and the effect of preservation with sodium hydroxide for secondary- and tertiary-treated waste water samples.
Several methods exist for the measurement of cyanide levels in treated wastewater,typically requiring preservation of the sample with sodium hydroxide to minimize loss of hydrogen cyanide gas (HCN). R...Read More
Atorvastatin is an antilipemic drug belonging to the statins class, whose reference drug is Pfizer's Lipitor?. It is used to reduce the levels of lipoproteins rich in cholesterol and reduce the r...Read More
A novel agent polyethyleneimine-sodium xanthogenate (PEX) with the multifunction of reduction, chelation, flocculation and precipitation was synthesized by using polyethyleneimine (PEI), carbon disulf...Read More
Infrared spectroelectrochemical study of dissociation and oxidation of methanol at a palladium electrode in alkaline solution.
The dissociative adsorption and electrooxidation of CH(3)OH at a Pd electrode in alkaline solution are investigated by using in situ infrared spectroscopy with both internal and external reflection mo...Read More
Liquid hot water pretreatment of sugarcane bagasse and its comparison with chemical pretreatment methods for the sugar recovery and structural changes
Liquid hot water (LHW), dilute hydrochloric acid (HCl) and dilute sodium hydroxide (NaOH) were applied to sugarcane bagasse (SB). Application of the same analytical methods and material balance approa...Read More
Hydrolysis of acid and alkali presoaked lignocellulosic biomass exposed to electron beam irradiation
In this study, synergetic effect of mild acid and alkali with electron beam irradiation (EBI) on the enzymatic hydrolysis of a selected grass biomass was assessed. Biomass samples prepared by soaking ...Read More
The Artemisinin Derivative Artesunate Inhibits Corneal Neovascularization by Inducing ROS-Dependent Apoptosis in Vascular Endothelial Cells.
Without therapeutic intervention, corneal neovascularization rapidly compromises visual acuity, and is a leading cause of blindness. Artesunate was reported to inhibit angiogenesis in tumors, although...Read More
Layer-by-layer assembly of polyelectrolyte and graphene oxide for open-tubular capillary electrochromatography.
In this paper, open-tubular capillary column coated with graphene oxide (GO) was prepared through ionic adsorption of negatively charged GO nanosheets onto the capillary wall pre-modified with positiv...Read More
Effect of microwave pretreatment in presence of NaOH on mesophilic anaerobic digestion of thickened waste activated sludge.
This work experimentally determined the effect of microwave irradiation with NaOH pretreatment on anaerobic digestion of thickened waste activated sludge in semi-continuous mesophilic digesters at hyd...Read More
Implications of pH manipulation methods for metal toxicity: not all acidic environments are created equal.
The toxicity of many metals is impacted by environmental pH, through both competition and complexation by hydroxide and carbonate ions. To establish safe environmental regulation it is important to pr...Read More
Submerged-arc welding slags: Characterization and leaching strategies for the removal of aluminum and titanium.
In the present study, submerged-arc welding slags were characterized by applying a variety of methods, including X-ray fluorescence, X-ray diffraction, particle size, Raman spectroscopy, and scanning ...Read More
The continually growing list of critical glycosylation-related processes has made analytical methodology for detailed glycan characterization an area of increasing interest. Glycosylation is a post tr...Read More
Structure and properties of β-cyclodextrin/cellulose hydrogels prepared in NaOH/urea aqueous solution.
β-Cyclodextrin (β-CD)/cellulose hydrogels were prepared in NaOH/urea aqueous solution by crosslinking with epichlorohydrin. The structure and morphology of the hydrogels were characterized with Four...Read More
Most polysaccharides cannot dissolve in water but can be hydrolysed using hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to yield a water-soluble product. This study presents a method of preparing water-soluble polysacchar...Read More
Preparation and properties of biodegradable films from Sterculia urens short fiber/cellulose green composites.
The development of commercially viable "green products", based on natural resources for the matrices and reinforcements, in a wide range of applications, is on the rise. The present paper fo...Read More
We have fabricated a polysaccharide nanofiber made from paramylon (β-1,3-glucan), a storage polysaccharide stored as a micrometer-sized particle in the cell of euglenoid alga. Preparation of this nan...Read More
The structure of cellulose is characterised by extensive non-covalent interactions. Recent discussions suggest that hydrophobic interactions between polymer chains also play a significant role in gove...Read More
Cellulose was dissolved in NaOH-urea-water and beads were prepared by coagulation into nitric acid as well as saline solution. Morphology and ultrastructure of the beads were modified by controlling t...Read More
Dissolution of waxy corn starch in 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate (EMIMAc) was qualitatively studied and compared with gelatinisation process in water. The rheological properties of starch-EMIMAc...Read More
Structural diversity of pectins isolated from the Styrian oil-pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo var. styriaca) fruit.
To evaluate the seeded fruit biomass of the Styrian oil-pumpkin in view of its pectin component, a series of acidic polysaccharides were isolated by a six-step sequential extraction using hot water, E...Read More
Mithramycin (MTM), a natural product of soil bacteria from the Streptomyces genus, displays potent anticancer activity but has been limited clinically by severe side effects and toxicities. Engineerin...Read More
Adaptation of dynamic covalent systems of imine constituents to medium change by component redistribution under reversible phase separation.
A dynamic covalent library of interconverting imine constituents, dissolved in an acetonitrile/water mixture, undergoes constitutional reorganization upon phase separation induced by a physical stimul...Read More
Synthesis of alkali metal carboxylates and carboxylic acids using "wet" and "anhydrous" alkali metal hydroxides.
We're sorry this abstract is currently not available....Read More