|产品介绍||酚类单一化合物标准液 US EPA方法:604,627,8270,1311|
|标识符号||GHS02, GHS06, GHS08, GHS09|
The monolayer structure of pure dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) and equimolar mixtures of DPPC/n-hexadecanol (C"1"6OH) and DPPC/dipalmitoylglycerol (DPG) are studied by the film balanc...Read More
Novel 3-O-carbamoyl erythromycin A derivatives (carbamolides) with activity against resistant staphylococcal and streptococcal isolates.
A novel series of 3-O-carbamoyl erythromycin A derived analogs, labeled carbamolides, with activity versus resistant bacterial isolates of staphylococci (including macrolide and oxazolidinone resistan...Read More
Bypassing isophthalate inhibition by modulating glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH): purification and kinetic characterization of NADP-GDHs from isophthalate-degrading Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain PP4 and Acinetobacter lwoffii strain ISP4.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain PP4 and Acinetobacter lwoffii strain ISP4 metabolize isophthalate as a sole source of carbon and energy. Isophthalate is known to be a competitive inhibitor of glutamate ...Read More
Reactivity and enantioselectivity in the reactions of scalemic stereogenic alpha-(N-carbamoyl)alkylcuprates.
Stereogenic 2-(N-carbamoyl)pyrrolidinylcuprates prepared from scalemic (i.e., enantioenriched) N-Boc-2-lithiopyrrolidine and THF soluble CuCN.2LiCl react with vinyl iodides, vinyl triflates, beta-iodo...Read More
Effects of pyrenebutyrate on the translocation of arginine-rich cell-penetrating peptides through artificial membranes: Recruiting peptides to the membranes, dissipating liquid-ordered phases, and inducing curvature.
Arginine-rich cell-penetrating peptides, including octaarginine (R8) and HIV-1 TAT peptides, have the ability to translocate through cell membranes and transport exogenous bioactive molecules into cel...Read More
Xylella fastidiosa was the first plant pathogen whose complete genome sequence was available. X. fastidiosa causes citrus variegated chlorosis, but the physiological basis of the disease in unknown. T...Read More
We report the experimental observation of osmotically induced transient pearling instabilities in vesicular membranes. Giant phospholipid vesicles subjected to negative osmotic gradient, which drives ...Read More
Mode specific elastic constants for the gel, liquid-ordered, and liquid-disordered phases of DPPC/DOPC/cholesterol model lipid bilayers.
Using microscopic molecular theory, we determine the bending and saddle-splay constants of three-component lipid bilayers. The membrane contains cholesterol, dipalmitoyl-phosphatidylcholine (DPPC) and...Read More
We used computer simulations to investigate the properties of model lipid membranes with coexisting phases. This is relevant for understanding lipid-lipid interactions underlying lateral organization ...Read More
The effect of cholesterol on the intrinsic rate of lipid flip-flop as measured by sum-frequency vibrational spectroscopy.
Cholesterol is a major constituent of biological membranes in mammalian cells. Experiments have shown that cholesterol influences the physical properties of the plasma membrane, such as lateral diffus...Read More
At the interface between two regions, for example the air-liquid interface of a lipid solution, there can arise non-equilibrium situations. The water chemical potential corresponding to the ambient RH...Read More
Recently, DNA origami became a powerful tool for custom-shaped functional biomolecules. In this paper, we present the first approach towards assembling amphipathic three-dimensional DNA origami nanost...Read More
Acetylcholine induces Ca2+ signaling in chicken retinal pigmented epithelial cells during dedifferentiation.
Retinal pigmented epithelial cells exchange their cellular phenotypes into lens cells and neurons, via depigmented and non-epithelial-shaped dedifferentiated intermediates. Because these dedifferentia...Read More
The cell membrane plays an important role in the molecular mechanism of amyloid toxicity associated with Alzheimer's disease. The membrane's chemical composition and the incorporation of sma...Read More
Lysine acetylation is a reversible posttranslational modification of proteins and plays a key role in regulating gene expression. Technological limitations have so far prevented a global analysis of l...Read More
On the basis of large proteomics datasets measured from seven human cell lines we consider their intersection as an approximation of the human central proteome, which is the set of proteins ubiquitous...Read More
As a base for human transcriptome and functional genomics, we created the "full-length long Japan" (FLJ) collection of sequenced human cDNAs. We determined the entire sequence of 21,243 sele...Read More
The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC).
The National Institutes of Health's Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC) project was designed to generate and sequence a publicly accessible cDNA resource containing a complete open reading frame (ORF...Read More
Visualization and quantification of lipid order is an important tool in membrane biophysics and cell biology, but the availability of environmentally sensitive fluorescent membrane probes is limited. ...Read More
The penetration properties of drug-like molecules on human cell membranes are crucial for understanding the metabolism of xenobiotics and overall drug distribution in the human body. Here, we analyze ...Read More
Synthesis, spectroscopy, magnetic and redox behaviors of copper(II) complexes with tert-butylated salen type ligands bearing bis(4-aminophenyl)ethane and bis(4-aminophenyl)amide backbones.
New salen type ligands, N,N'-bis(X-3-tert-butylsalicylidene)-4,4'-ethylenedianiline [(X=H (1), 5-tert-butyl (2)] and N,N'-bis(X-3-tert-butylsalicylidene)-4,4'-amidedianiline [X=H (...Read More
Design and synthesis of 3-carbamoylbenzoic acid derivatives as inhibitors of human apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1 (APE1).
Apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) endonuclease 1 (APE1) is a multifaceted protein with an essential role in the base excision repair (BER) pathway. Its implication in tumor development, progression, and resi...Read More
The application of sodium deoxycholate and Sephacryl-200 for the delipidation and separation of high density lipoprotein.
A method to remove lipids from human plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL) was developed. The procedure required column chromatography on Sephacryl-200 in the presence of the bile salt sodium deoxycho...Read More
Studies on lectins. LIV. Affinity electrophoresis of lectins and trypsin on affinity gels prepared from Sephadex derivatives incorporated into a polyacrylamide gel matrix.
New supports for plasma protein fraction: optimization and application of gel filtration using an improved sephacryl S-200 gel.
Physicochemical characteristics of hepatic stimulatory factor prepared from cell free supernatant of hepatocyte cultures.
We previously reported that the cell free supernatant of hepatocyte cultures contained a hepatic stimulatory factor, which increases survival time and stimulates liver regeneration in the galactosamin...Read More
Neuroglobin and cytoglobin, members of the globin family, are present in vertebrate cells at very low concentrations. As the function of both proteins is still a matter of debate, it is very important...Read More
The tetanus purified anatoxin is used in the preparation of the tetanus toxoid and multiple vaccines (dT, DT and DTP), all of them strictly following specifications established by the WHO with a minim...Read More
The influence of sodium chloride concentration and the pH of the mobile phase on the distribution coefficient of proteins with different pI values was studied on Sephacryl S-200 HR. The non-size-relat...Read More
A simple procedure using ammonium sulfate to fractionate water-soluble cytochromes c553 and c550 on Sephacryl S-200 gel is described. The usefulness of this procedure has been studied using the crude ...Read More
Purification of monoclonal antibodies raised against prostate-specific acid phosphatase for use in vivo in radioimaging of prostatic cancer.
In developing diagnostic reagents for the radioimaging of prostatic cancer, methods were optimized for the purification of two mouse IgG1 monoclonal antibodies raised against prostate-specific acid ph...Read More
Interactions of drugs and amphiphiles with membranes: modulation of lipid bilayer elastic properties by changes in acyl chain unsaturation and protonation.
Poly-unsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) alter the function of many membrane proteins, whereas monounsatured fatty acids generally are inert. We previously showed that docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) at pH 7 d...Read More
GL13K is a short (13 amino acid) antimicrobial peptide derived from the parotid secretory protein. GL13K has been found to exhibit anti-inflammatory and antibacterial activities in physiological salt ...Read More
We report the first 4-component phase diagram for the lipid bilayer mixture, DSPC/DOPC/POPC/chol (distearoylphosphatidylcholine/dioleoylphosphatidylcholine/1-palmitoyl, 2-oleoylphosphatidylcholine/cho...Read More
On the mechanism of ion transport through lipid membranes mediated by PEGylated cyclic oligosaccharides (CyPLOS): An ESR study.
The mechanism underlying the ionophoric activity of CyPLOS (cyclic phosphate-linked oligosaccharide, 2), a carbohydrate-based synthetic ion transporter decorated with four tetraethylene glycol (TEG) c...Read More
Evaluation of membrane models and their composition for islet amyloid polypeptide-membrane aggregation.
Human islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) forms amyloid fibrils in the pancreatic islets of patients suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The formation of IAPP fibrils has been shown to cause ...Read More
Insertion of TAT peptide and perturbation of negatively charged model phospholipid bilayer revealed by neutron diffraction.
TAT peptide is one of the best-characterized cell penetrating peptides derived from the transactivator of transcription protein from the human immunodeficiency virus 1. The aim of this study was to in...Read More
Hydrodynamic filtration in microfluidic channels as size-selection process for giant unilamellar vesicles.
We have developed hydrodynamic filtration method in microfluidic device for the efficient size-selection of polydisperse lipid vesicles for giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs), in which vesicles were fo...Read More
Probing lipid-cholesterol interactions in DOPC/eSM/Chol and DOPC/DPPC/Chol model lipid rafts with DSC and (13)C solid-state NMR.
The interaction between cholesterol (Chol) and phospholipids in bilayers was investigated for the ternary model lipid rafts, DOPC/eSM/Chol and DOPC/DPPC/Chol, with differential scanning calorimetry (D...Read More
Novicidin's membrane permeabilizing activity is driven by membrane partitioning but not by helicity: A biophysical study of the impact of lipid charge and cholesterol.
We have investigated the interactions between the antimicrobial peptide Novicidin (Nc) and vesicles containing the phospholipid DOPC, with various amounts of DOPG and cholesterol using circular dichro...Read More
We investigated the effects of tension induced by micropipet aspiration on giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs) composed of dioleoylphosphatidylglycerol (DOPG) and dioleoylphosphatidylcholine (DOPC). We ...Read More
Potential-dependent interaction of DOPC liposomes with an octadecanol-covered Au(111) surface investigated using electrochemical methods coupled with in situ fluorescence microscopy.
The potential-controlled incorporation of DOPC liposomes (100 nm diameter) into an adsorbed octadecanol layer on Au(111) was studied using electrochemical and in situ fluorescence microscopy. The adso...Read More
Using phase contrast and fluorescence microscopy we study the influence of the alkylphospholipid, ALP, 10-(octyloxy) decyl-2-(trimethylammonium) ethyl phosphate, ODPC, in giant unilamellar vesicles, G...Read More
Structural and dynamic changes in cell membrane properties induced by xenon, a volatile anesthetic molecule, may affect the function of membrane-mediated proteins, providing a hypothesis for the mecha...Read More
Comparison of the potency and therapeutic efficacy of the anti-CD7 immunotoxin HB2-saporin constructed with one or two saporin moieties per immunotoxin molecule.
Immunotoxins that carry two toxin molecules to the target cell should in theory have a greater anti-tumour effect than those that carry just one. We have investigated the therapeutic efficacy of two a...Read More
Therapy of human T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia with a combination of anti-CD7 and anti-CD38-SAPORIN immunotoxins is significantly better than therapy with each individual immunotoxin.
Severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice injected i.v. with the human T-ALL cell line CCRF CEM (SCID-CEM mice) develop within 50 days life-threatening multi-organ growth of leukaemia cells. The dev...Read More
Bacillus cereus KCTC 3674 excretes several kinds of extracellular proteases into the growth medium. Two proteases with molecular masses of approximately 36-kDa and 38-kDa, as shown by SDS-PAGE, were p...Read More
Constitutive association of c-N-Ras with c-Raf-1 and protein kinase C epsilon in latent signaling modules.
Phorbol ester stimulation of the MAPK cascade is believed to be mediated through the protein kinase C (PKC)-dependent activation of Raf-1. Although several studies suggest that phorbol ester stimulati...Read More
Cold-stable eye lens crystallins of the Antarctic nototheniid toothfish Dissostichus mawsoni Norman.
The eye lenses of the Antarctic nototheniid fishes that inhabit the perennially freezing Antarctic seawater are transparent at -2 degrees C, whereas the cold-sensitive mammalian and tropical fish lens...Read More
Purification and initial characterization of a putative blue light-regulated phosphodiesterase from Escherichia coli.
The Escherichia coli protein YcgF contains a photosensory flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD)-binding BLUF domain covalently linked to an EAL domain, which is predicted to have cyclic-di-guanosine monop...Read More
Chemical probing is widely used as a rapid approach for assessing RNA structure, folding, and function. In this chapter, we outline procedures for handling and using chemicals commonly used to probe n...Read More
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is one of the more common multidrug-resistant organisms isolated from the respiratory tract of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), but the effect of chronic S. maltophilia...Read More
Although the pathophysiology and molecular basis of sickle cell disease (SCD) were described more than half a century ago, an effective and safe therapy is not yet available. This may be explained by ...Read More
Conformational destabilization of Bacillus licheniformis α-amylase induced by lysine modification and calcium depletion.
Bacillus licheniformis α-amylase (BLA) was chemically modified using 100-fold molar excess of succinic anhydride over protein or 0.66 M potassium cyanate to obtain 42 % succinylated and 81 % carbamyl...Read More
Yeast ribosomal proteins. VIII. Isolation of two proteins and sequence characterization of twenty-four proteins from cytoplasmic ribosomes.
Two proteins, YL41 and YL43, were isolated from 80S ribosomes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae by filtration through a Sephacryl S-200 column and by chromatography on a column of carboxymethylcellulose. Th...Read More
Isolation of monomeric and dimeric secreted MD-2. Endotoxin.sCD14 and Toll-like receptor 4 ectodomain selectively react with the monomeric form of secreted MD-2.
Potent cell activation by endotoxin requires sequential protein-endotoxin and protein-protein interactions involving lipopolysaccharide-binding protein, CD14, MD-2, and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4). MD...Read More
Caprine (Capra hircus) luteinizing hormone: purification and chromatographic investigation of its different isoforms.
Luteinizing Hormone (LH) from goat pituitary glands has been purified and characterized with respect to its size and subunit nature. The purification at each step was monitored by protein estimation, ...Read More
Cocktail and electroeluted antigens from Bithynia goniomphalos, the snail intermediate host of Opisthorchis viverrini, were extracted and purified. The performance of these two antigens in the antibod...Read More
Development and validation study for the chromatographic purification process for tetanus anatoxin on Sephacryl S-200 High Resolution.
The tetanus purified anatoxin is used in the preparation of multiple immunoprophylactics. WHO (World Health Organization) specifies that the tetanus anatoxin must exhibit a degree of purity greater th...Read More
Subcellular localization and partial purification of prelamin A endoprotease: an enzyme which catalyzes the conversion of farnesylated prelamin A to mature lamin A.
The nuclear lamina protein, lamin A is produced by proteolytic cleavage of a 74 kDa precursor protein, prelamin A. The conversion of this precursor to mature lamin A is mediated by a specific endoprot...Read More
A total of six proteins from the abdominal arthrodial membrane (intersegmental membrane) of the lobster, Homarus americanus, were purified and their amino acid sequences were determined by a combinati...Read More
Heparitinase cleaves heparan sulfate, a glycosaminoglycan associated with all nucleated mammalian cells and extracellular matrices. Despite the important physiologic role heparitinase is postulated to...Read More
Amyloid fibrils were extracted from deposits in joint tissue of heavy breed layers with spontaneous amyloid arthropathy and characterized as being of the AA-type. Amino acid sequencing revealed a patt...Read More
Properties, in theory and practice, of novel gel filtration media for standard liquid chromatography.
The influence of experimental parameters on the separation result in gel filtration may readily be predicted from a few basic equations, as demonstrated with the aid of experimental observations on Se...Read More
A method is described for the purification of piglet skin lysyl oxidase from a crude urea extract by two simple chromatographic procedures. The method relies on the selective interaction between Sepha...Read More
Heterogeneity of pig lysosomal acid alpha-glucosidase. Affinity to Sephacryl S-200 gel and tissue distribution.
Acid alpha-glucosidase purified from pig liver showed heterogeneity in its affinity to Sephacryl S-200 gel. Acid alpha-glucosidase was separated into two fractions (S1 and S2) by Sephacryl S-200 affin...Read More
Production of macrophage colony-stimulating factor by adult murine parenchymal liver cells (hepatocytes).
The activity of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) was found in the culture supernatant of mouse parenchymal liver cell fractions in a bone marrow colony-forming assay. The activity of an M-...Read More
We purified native Myo2p/Cdc4p/Rlc1p (Myo2), the myosin-II motor required for cytokinesis by Schizosaccharomyces pombe. The Myo2p heavy chain associates with two light chains, Cdc4p and Rlc1p. Althoug...Read More
Bacteria can reduce toxic and carcinogenic Cr(VI) to insoluble and less toxic Cr(III). Thermus scotoductus SA-01, a South African gold mine isolate, has been shown to be able to reduce a variety of me...Read More
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen that causes disease in immunocompromised individuals, burn victims, and cystic fibrosis patients. Strains that secrete ExoU induce host cell lysis a...Read More
Comparative effects of alcohols (methanol, glycerol) and polyethylene glycol (PEG-300) on acid denatured state of goat liver cystatin.
This report summarizes the effect of methanol, glycerol and polyol (PEG) on the acid induced state of goat liver cystatin by various spectroscopic techniques. Native goat liver cystatin (LC) has a flu...Read More
Immunological relationships between receptors for insulin and insulin-like growth factor I. Evidence for structural heterogeneity of insulin-like growth factor I receptors involving hybrids with insulin receptors.
The receptors for insulin and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) are closely related in primary sequence and overall structure. We have examined the immunological relationships between these recepto...Read More
Lung cytosol from male, adrenalectomized rats was screened for the mineralocorticoid receptor (MCR) by a polyclonal antiserum raised in the rabbit against rat renal antigen. Western blot analysis reve...Read More
The p85 subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase associates with the Fc receptor gamma-chain and linker for activitor of T cells (LAT) in platelets stimulated by collagen and convulxin.
There is extensive evidence to show that phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase plays an important role in signaling by the immune family of receptors, which has recently been extended to include the platelet ...Read More
DNA helicase activity is associated with the replication initiator protein rep of tomato yellow leaf curl geminivirus.
The Rep protein of tomato yellow leaf curl Sardinia virus (TYLCSV), a single-stranded DNA virus of plants, is the replication initiator essential for virus replication. TYLCSV Rep has been classified ...Read More
The Fusarium virguliforme toxin FvTox1 causes foliar sudden death syndrome-like symptoms in soybean.
Fusarium virguliforme causes sudden death syndrome (SDS) in soybean. The pathogen has never been isolated from diseased foliar tissues; therefore, one or more toxins have been considered to cause foli...Read More
Differential hydrolysis of homocysteine thiolactone by purified human serum ^1^9^2Q and ^1^9^2R PON1 isoenzymes
Human serum paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is a HDL-associated enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of a variety of aromatic carboxylic acid esters and several organophosphates. Recently it has been suggested t...Read More
Homophilic antibodies have been discovered in mice and primates and can also be engineered. Compared to conventional antibodies, homophilic antibodies form lattices on targets leading to enhanced bind...Read More
This chapter describes four murine models of autoimmune diseases: two related to autoimmune myocarditis and two related to autoimmune thyroiditis. The first model, Coxsackie virus B3 (CB3)-induced myo...Read More
During purification of a strand exchange activity from Schizosaccharomyces pombe using the three-strand reaction of double-stranded linear and circular single-stranded DNA, we identified p190/210 as a...Read More
A novel proline-rich glycoprotein associated with the extracellular matrix of vascular bundles of Brassica petioles.
A panel of monoclonal antibodies (MAC204, MAC236, MAC265) which recognise extracellular matrix glycoproteins implicated in plant-microbe interactions has been used to study glycoprotein antigens in pe...Read More
The Ebola virus (EBOV) genome encodes for several proteins that are necessary and sufficient for replication and transcription of the viral RNAs in vitro; NP, VP30, VP35, and L. VP30 acts in trans wit...Read More
Double electron electron resonance EPR methods was used to measure the effects of the allosteric modulators, phosphorylation, and ATP, on the distances and distance distributions between the two regul...Read More
Expression cloning involves the selection of specific polypeptides, generated from a cDNA or genomic DNA library, based on certain characteristics of the expressed proteins, such as antibody or ligand...Read More
Thiobacillus ferrooxidans AP19-3 oxidized molybdenum blue (Mo) enzymatically. Molybdenum oxidase in the plasma membrane of this bacterium was purified ca. 77-fold compared with molybdenum oxidase in c...Read More
Characterization of human type III collagen expressed in a baculovirus system. Production of a protein with a stable triple helix requires coexpression with the two types of recombinant prolyl 4-hydroxylase subunit.
An efficient expression system for recombinant collagens would have numerous scientific and practical applications. Nevertheless, most recombinant systems are not suitable for this purpose, as they do...Read More
Alignment of fibrillin molecules in elastic microfibrils is defined by transglutaminase-derived cross-links.
Microfibrils were extracted from human amnion in the form of a beaded filament and analyzed for the presence of transglutaminase-derived cross-links using acrylonitrile derivatization. The cross-link ...Read More
Molecular cloning, expression, and characterization of the authentic hyaluronan synthase from group C Streptococcus equisimilis.
We previously reported the first cloning of a functional glycosaminoglycan synthase, the hyaluronan synthase (HAS) from Group A Streptococcus pyogenes (spHAS) (DeAngelis, P. L., Papaconstantinou, J., ...Read More
DNA methylation-dependent chromatin fiber compaction in vivo and in vitro: requirement for linker histone.
Dynamic alterations in chromatin structure mediated by postsynthetic histone modifications and DNA methylation constitute a major regulatory mechanism in DNA functioning. DNA methylation has been impl...Read More
The carboxyl-terminal domain of closely related endotoxin-binding proteins determines the target of protein-lipopolysaccharide complexes.
The bactericidal/permeability increasing (BPI) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-binding (LBP) proteins are closely related two-domain proteins in which LPS binding is mediated by the NH(2)-terminal domain...Read More
An essential role for albumin in the interaction of endotoxin with lipopolysaccharide-binding protein and sCD14 and resultant cell activation.
Experiments utilizing endotoxin aggregates, lipooligosaccharides (LOS) isolated from metabolically labeled Neisseria meningitidis serotype group B, demonstrate that albumin is an essential component o...Read More
The mouse is the premier genetic model organism for the study of disease and development. We describe the establishment of a mouse T helper cell type 1 (T"H1) protein expression library that prov...Read More
Pre-mRNA splicing specifically deposits the exon junction complex (EJC) onto spliced mRNA, which is important for downstream events. Here, we show that EJC components are primarily recruited to the sp...Read More
The genetic and structural basis of two distinct terminal side branch residues in stewartan and amylovoran exopolysaccharides and their potential role in host adaptation.
Stewartan and amylovoran exopolysaccharide (EPS) produced by the plant pathogenic bacteria Pantoea stewartii and Erwinia amylovora are virulence factors in the cause of Stewart's vascular wilt an...Read More
The pharmacology of auditory brain-stem evoked potentials (ABEP) pathways is poorly understood. There are anecdotal reports on the involvement of various neurotransmitters but they were not investigat...Read More
Effects of non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents on norepinephrine release from human atrial tissue obtained during cardiac surgery.
We have studied the effect of non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents, at concentrations present in serum during anaesthesia, on release of [3H]-norepinephrine ([3H]NE) from superfused atrial a...Read More
Neuromuscular activity blockade induced by muscimol and d-tubocurarine differentially affects the survival of embryonic chick motoneurons.
To understand better how spontaneous motoneuron activity and intramuscular nerve branching influence motoneuron survival, we chronically treated chicken embryos in ovo with either d-tubocurarine (dTC)...Read More
Proteasome inhibition with bortezomib depletes plasma cells and autoantibodies in experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis.
Bortezomib, an inhibitor of proteasomes, has been reported to reduce autoantibody titers and to improve clinical condition in mice suffering from lupus-like disease. Bortezomib depletes both short- an...Read More
Genetic visualization with an improved GCaMP calcium indicator reveals spatiotemporal activation of the spinal motor neurons in zebrafish.
Animal behaviors are generated by well-coordinated activation of neural circuits. In zebrafish, embryos start to show spontaneous muscle contractions at 17 to 19 h postfertilization. To visualize how ...Read More
There are receptors on denervated Schwann cells that may respond to the neurotransmitters that are released from growth cones of regenerating motor axons. In order to ascertain whether the interaction...Read More
Novel small molecule alpha v integrin antagonists: comparative anti-cancer efficacy with known angiogenesis inhibitors.
Recent evidence supports the involvement of integrins in angiogenesis: blockade of alpha v beta 3 and alpha v beta 5 integrins disrupts angiogenesis leading to decreased blood vessel formation and hen...Read More
Enzymatic synthesis of Mycoplasma fermentans specific glycoglycerophospholipid from 1,2-dipalmitoylglycerol
A gene, mf3, encoding glycosyltransferase in glycoglycerophospholipid (GGPL; GGPL-I and GGPL-III) biosynthesis in Mycoplasma fermentans PG18 was identified by genomic analysis, cloned, modified codon ...Read More
The purpose of this study was to structurally characterize the major lipid species present in human meibomian gland secretions (MGS) of individual subjects by means of ion trap atmospheric pressure io...Read More
Atomic force microscope visualization of lipid bilayer degradation due to action of phospholipase A"2 and Humicola lanuginosa lipase
An important application of liquid cell Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) is the study of enzyme structure and behaviour in organized molecular media that mimic in-vivo systems. In this study we demonstra...Read More
A detailed examination of the mode of binding of phorbol esters to protein kinase C led to a model of the phorbol binding site in the enzyme. The efficacy with which various synthetic diacylglycerol a...Read More
At 123 K, the crystal structure of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycerol (C35H68O5, M(r) = 568.9) is monoclinic with space group P2(1), a = 5.480(1), b = 7.301(1), c = 43.145(7) A, beta = 92.91(1) degrees, V = ...Read More
The phase behavior of mixed aqueous dispersions of dipalmitoyl derivatives of phosphatidylcholine and diacylglycerol
The phases and transition sequences for aqueous dispersions of mixtures of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC) and 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycerol (1,2-DPG) have been studied by differentia...Read More
The effect of arachidonic acid (AA) on the activity of diacylglycerol (DG) kinase in neural membranes was investigated. When rat brain cortical membranes were incubated with 0.5 mM dipalmitin and [gam...Read More
Stereospecific 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycerol and a series of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-3-acyl-sn-glycerols (TGs) with 3-acyl chains of two through six and eight carbons in length were synthesized. Pressure-area i...Read More
Interaction of diacylglycerols with phosphatidylcholine vesicles as studied by differential scanning calorimetry and fluorescence probe depolarization.
Mixtures of 1,2-dipalmitoylglycerol (1,2-DPG), 1,2-dioleylglycerol (1,2-DOG), 1,2-dicapryloylglycerol (1,2-DCG), 1,3-dioleylglycerol (1,3-DOG), and 1,3-dicapryloylglycerol (1,3-DCG) with dipalmitoylph...Read More
Quantitative crystallographic structure analyses are carried out for two polymorphic forms of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycerol. A single crystal X-ray determination on the higher melting beta'L-form r...Read More
Effects of diacylglycerols on the structure of phosphatidylcholine bilayers: a 2H and 31P NMR study.
The interaction of four diacylglycerols (DAGs) with multilamellar phospholipid bilayers consisting either of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) or of a mixture of DPPC and bovine liver phosphatidyl...Read More
The acyl migration of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycerol (1,2-DPG) to 1,3-dipalmitoylglycerol (1,3-DPG) in different states, neat, in the presence of egg yolk lecithin (sonicated and unsonicated) and on sili...Read More
The characterization of immunological cascades of the innate immune system activated by invariant molecular structures termed as pathogen-associated molecular patterns recognized by pattern recognitio...Read More
Lateral intermolecular forces between biomembrane lipids in two dimensions: 1,2-dipalmitin at the heptane/water interface compared with phospholipids.
The lateral interaction forces between phospholipids in two-dimensional arrays are fundamental to understanding membrane biophysics. In previous studies the related thermodynamic functions have been m...Read More
Simultaneous X-ray diffraction and calorimetric study of metastable- to-stable solid phase transformation of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycerol.
The thermal behaviour and structural changes associated with the phase transformation of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycerol (DPG) were studied by means of simultaneous X-ray diffraction and differential scan...Read More
The individual and combined effects of the saturated diacylglycerol (DAG) dipalmitin (DP) and saturated or polyunsaturated unesterified fatty acids (PUFAs) on both the structure of phosphatidylcholine...Read More
The structures of fully hydrated 1:1 and 1:2 (mol/mol) dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC)-dipalmitoylglycerol (DPG) mixtures were studied by means of small-angle x-ray diffraction. The x-ray diffra...Read More
This study determined the effect of dietary (dipalmitoyl) triacylglycerol (TAG) structure on the absorption and metabolism of fat in the presence or absence of cholesterol. Sprague-Dawley male rats we...Read More
The interaction of 1,2-dipalmitoylglycerol (1,2-DPG) with dipalmitoylphosphatidylserine (DPPS) has been studied in the presence and in the absence of Ca2+ by using differential scanning calorimetry (D...Read More
The uptake of [H3] dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine by isolated brush border membranes from rabbit small intestine was studied. The process was found to be stimulated by Ca2+ in a manner which was infl...Read More
[The characteristics of the effect of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine and its structural fragments on the lipid peroxidation of biological membranes].
The effect of dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine (DPPC) and its structural fragments--phosphatidic acid (PA) and choline chloride--on the ascorbate-dependent mice liver microsomal lipid peroxidation (LP)...Read More
Production of [3H]1,2-dipalmitoylglycerol ([3H]DAG) from 1-palmitoyl-2-[9,10-3H]palmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine and [3H]phosphorylcholine from 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-[Me-3H]phosphocholine ...Read More
Interfacial conformation of dipalmitoylglycerol and dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine in phospholipid bilayers.
Diacylglycerols are minor constituents of membrane lipids, yet are essential in the activation and membrane association of protein kinase C. Solid-state 13C NMR experiments have been used to character...Read More
Prolactin release from perifused human decidual explants; effects of decidual prolactin-releasing factor (PRL-RF) and prolactin release-inhibitory factor (PRL-IF).
The dynamics of prolactin release from human decidual explants were studied under basal conditions, in response to decidual prolactin-releasing factor (PRL-RF), and in response to PRL-RF in the presen...Read More
The activity of the pentose phosphate pathway is increased in response to oxidative stress in Alzheimer's disease.
In order to assess the integrity of antioxidant enzymes in Alzheimer's disease, the activities of glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase and two enzymes of the pentose phosphate pathway (g...Read More
Purification of 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase from parsley (Petroselinum hortense) leaves and investigation of some kinetic properties.
In this study, 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (E.C.1.1.44; 6PGD) was purified from parsley (Petroselinum hortense) leaves, and analysis of the kinetic behavior and some properties of the enzyme were...Read More
Anthranilate synthase can generate sufficient phosphoribosyl amine for thiamine synthesis in Salmonella enterica.
In bacteria, the biosynthetic pathway for the hydroxymethyl pyrimidine moiety of thiamine shares metabolic intermediates with purine biosynthesis. The two pathways branch after the compound aminoimida...Read More
As the third enzyme of the pentose phosphate pathway, 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6PGDH) is the main generator of cellular NADPH. Both thioredoxin reductase and glutathione reductase require NAD...Read More
Organ specific regulation of malic enzyme and hexosemonophosphate shunt dehydrogenases activity by high carbohydrate diet.
The effect of starvation-refeeding transitions on the activity of malic enzyme and hexosemonophosphate shunt dehydrogenases in lipogenic and non-lipogenic tissues from rats was investigated. Starvatio...Read More
Predominance of gluconate formation from glucose during germination of Bacillus megaterium QM B1551 spores.
Metabolic pathways of glucose during germination of Bacillus megaterium QM B1551 spores were studied by using specifically labeled glucose and gluconate. The Embden-Meyerhof pathway, the pentose cycle...Read More
The glucose flow in Xanthomonas campestris was investigated with radio-labelled glucose and by enzymological studies. Only 7% of the radioactivity was incorporated into the cell material, but 41% was ...Read More
Regulation of liver and brain hexose monophosphate dehydrogenases by insulin and dietary intake in the female rat.
Liver glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase and phosphogluconate dehydrogenase activities were significantly decreased in both diabetic and fasted rats. Treatment of diabetic rats with insulin resulted in...Read More
We propose a new quantitative electrochemical method for determining glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (EC 126.96.36.199) activity in purified erythrocytes or in whole blood, based on measurement of the pH...Read More
The frequency of inherited variations in thermostability was investigated in a series of seven enzymes in a Japanese population. Among a total of 5930 determinations, nine variants were encountered. I...Read More
Attempts were made to detect phenotypes of the enzymes phosphoglucomutase (PGM) and phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (PGD) in human skin and adipose tissues. Both enzymes could be typed using approximat...Read More
Hexose-6-phosphate and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenases of rat liver microsomes. Involvement in NADPH and carbon dioxide generation in the luminal space of microsomal vesicles.
Rat liver microsomal fraction generates 14CO2 from [1(-14)C]glucose 6-phosphate in the presence of NADP+ and a detergent. The activity is mediated through an enzyme system consisting of hexose-6-phosp...Read More
Kinetics and thermodynamics of the spontaneous formation of glucose-6-arsenate (G6As) and 6-arsenogluconate (6AsG) as well as the ability of these compounds for substituting their phosphorylated homol...Read More
Amino acid sequence around the pyridoxal 5'-phosphate binding sites of 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase.
6-Phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6-phospho-D-gluconate: NADP+ 2-oxidoreductase(decarboxylating), EC 188.8.131.52) from Candida utilis is inhibited by reaction with pyridoxal 5'-phosphate. The aldehy...Read More
Comparative studies on NADP(+)-linked malic enzyme in the central nervous system of ectothermic and endothermic animals.
The maximum activity and intracellular distribution of NADP(+)-linked malic enzyme in brain of Mammalia, Aves, Reptilia, Amphibia and Pisces are reported. Malic enzyme activity was present in all anim...Read More
Involvement of the oxidative pentose phosphate pathway in thiamine biosynthesis in Salmonella typhimurium.
purF mutants of Salmonella typhimurium are known to require a source of both purine and thiamine; however, exogenous pantothenate may be substituted for the thiamine requirement. We show here that the...Read More
Genetic analysis of metabolic crosstalk and its impact on thiamine synthesis in Salmonella typhimurium.
The first five steps in de novo purine biosynthesis are involved in the formation of the 4-amino-5-hydroxymethyl-2-methyl pyrimidine (HMP) moiety of thiamine. We show here that the first enzyme in de ...Read More
Mutants that show increased sensitivity to hydrogen peroxide reveal an important role for the pentose phosphate pathway in protection of yeast against oxidative stress.
We have isolated several mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae that are sensitive to oxidative stress in a screen for elevated sensitivity to hydrogen peroxide. Two of the sixteen complementation groups...Read More
The main developmental stages in Helianthus annuus organogenesis have been studied in the sunflower hybrid "Giove". Shoot regeneration was obtained with high efficiency from mature seed coty...Read More
The genetic structure of the population of the urban and suburban area of the town of Pisa in Tuscany in Central Italy was studied in 1,174 adults residing in 4 zones in each of 3 sampling areas, usin...Read More
The oxidative pathway of carbohydrate metabolism in Escherichia coli. V. Isolation and identification of ribulose phosphate produced from 6-phosphogluconate by the dehydrogenase of E. coli.
Purification and properties of an NADP-specific 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase from Streptococcus faecalis.
A procedure is described for the purification of 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6-phospho-D-gluconate:NADP oxidoreductase (decarboxylating) EC 184.108.40.206) from cell extracts of Streptococcus gaecalis...Read More
Haemophilus influenzae 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6-phospho-D-gluconate:NADP+ 2-oxidoreductase (decarboxylating), EC 220.127.116.11) was purified 308-fold to electrophoretic homogeneity with a 16% re...Read More
The Bacillus subtilis yqjI gene encodes the NADP+-dependent 6-P-gluconate dehydrogenase in the pentose phosphate pathway.
Despite the importance of the oxidative pentose phosphate (PP) pathway as a major source of reducing power and metabolic intermediates for biosynthetic processes, almost no direct genetic or biochemic...Read More
The oxidative pathway of carbohydrate metabolism in Escherichia coli. 1. The isolation and properties of glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase.
Direct oxidation of glucose-6-phosphate, 6-phosphogluconate and pentose-5-phosphates by enzymes of animal origin.
A full-length cDNA clone for human 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (PGD) was isolated from a human adult heart cDNA library. The clone encoded an open reading frame of 483 amino acids. When the amino...Read More
The reference sequence for each human chromosome provides the framework for understanding genome function, variation and evolution. Here we report the finished sequence and biological annotation of hu...Read More
The single cell gel electrophoresis, or comet assay, under alkaline conditions is a sensitive, simple and rapid method for the detection of DNA damage at the individual cell level. Its applicability a...Read More
Effects of the formaldehyde releasing preservatives dimethylol urea and diazolidinyl urea in several short-term genotoxicity tests.
The two formaldehyde (FA)-releasers dimethylol urea (DMU) and diazolidinyl urea (DZU) are widely used as preservatives or additives. They were tested for genotoxicity in three short-term test systems,...Read More
Molecular structures of the inclusion complexes beta-cyclodextrin-1,2-bis(4-aminophenyl)ethane and beta-cyclodextrin-4,4'-diaminobiphenyl; packing of dimeric beta-cyclodextrin inclusion complexes.
The present investigation is part of an ongoing study on the influence of the long end-functonalized guest molecules DBA and BNZ in the crystal packing of beta-cyclodextrin (betaCD) dimeric complexes....Read More
[Determination of trace 4,4'-diaminobiphenyl, 4-nitrophenol and phenol in environmental water by high performance liquid chromatography].
A method for simultaneous determination of trace 4,4'-diaminobiphenyl, 4-nitrophenol and phenol in waste water by high performance liquid chromatography with spectrophotometric detection is repor...Read More