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RS 危险和安全代码


Risk Phrases


Indication of Particular Risks

R1: Explosive when dry
2: Risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of ignition
3: Extreme risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of ignition
4: Forms very sensitive explosive metallic compounds
5: Heating may cause an explosion
6: Explosive with or without contact with air
7: May cause fire
8: Contact with combustible material may cause fire
9: Explosive when mixed with combustible material
10: Flammable
11: Highly Flammable
12: Extremely Flammable
14: Reacts violently with water
15: Contact with water liberates extremely flammable gases
16: Explosive when mixed with oxidizing substances
17: Spontaneously flammable in air
18: In use may form flammable/explosive vapor-air mixture
19: May form explosive peroxides
20: Harmful by inhalation
21: Harmful in contact with skin
22: Harmful if swallowed
23: Toxic by inhalation
24: Toxic in contact with skin
25: Toxic if swallowed
26: Very Toxic by inhalation
27: Very Toxic in contact with skin
28: Very Toxic if swallowed
29: Contact with water liberates toxic gas
30: Can become highly flammable in use
31: Contact with acids liberates toxic gas
32: Contact with acids liberates very toxic gas
33: Danger of cumulative effects
34: Causes burns
35: Causes severe burns
36: Irritating to the eyes
37: Irritating to the respiratory system
38: Irritating to the skin
39: Danger of very serious irreversible effects
40: Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect
41: Risk of serious damage to eyes
42: May cause sensitization by inhalation
43: May cause sensitization by skin contact
44: Risk of explosion if heated under confinement
45: May cause cancer
46: May cause heritable genetic damage
48: Danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure
49: May cause cancer by inhalation
50: Very Toxic to aquatic organisms
51: Toxic to aquatic organisms
52: Harmful to aquatic organisms
53: May cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment
54: Toxic to flora
55: Toxic to fauna
56: Toxic to soil organisms
57: Toxic to bees
58: May cause long-term adverse effects in the environment
59: Dangerous for the ozone layer
60: May impair fertility
61: May cause harm to the unborn child
62: Possible risk of impaired fertility
63: Possible risk of harm to the unborn child
64: May cause harm to breast-fed babies
65: Harmful: May cause lung damage if swallowed
66: Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking
67: Vapors may cause drowsiness and dizziness
68: Possible risk of irreversible effects


Combination of Particular Risks

R14/15: Reacts violently with water, liberating extremely flammable gases
15/29: Contact with water liberates toxic, extremely flammable gas
20/21: Harmful by inhalation and in contact with skin
20/21/22: Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed
20/22: Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed
21/22: Harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed
23/24: Toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin
23/24/25: Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed
23/25: Toxic by inhalation and if swallowed
24/25: Toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed
26/27: Very Toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin
26/27/28: Very Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed
26/28: Very Toxic by inhalation and if swallowed
27/28: Very Toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed
36/37: Irritating to eyes and respiratory system
36/37/38: Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin
36/38: Irritating to eyes and skin
37/38: Irritating to respiratory system and skin
39/23: Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation
39/23/24: Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation in contact with skin
39/23/24/25: Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed
39/23/25: Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed
39/24: Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin
39/24/25: Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed
39/25: Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed
39/26: Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation
39/26/27: Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin
39/26/27/28: Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed
39/26/28: Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed
39/27: Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin
39/27/28: Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed
39/28: Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed
42/43: May cause sensitization by inhalation and skin contact
48/20: Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation
48/20/21: Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin
48/20/21/22: Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation, and in contact with skin and if swallowed
48/20/22: Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed
48/21: Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin
48/21/22: Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed
48/22: Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed
48/23: Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation
48/23/24: Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin
48/23/24/25: Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed
48/23/25: Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed
48/24: Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin
48/24/25: Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed
48/25: Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed
50/53: Very Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment
51/53: Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment
52/53: Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment
68/20: Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation
68/20/21: Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin
68/20/21/22: Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed
68/20/22: Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed
68/22: Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects if swallowed
68/21: Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin
68/21/22: Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed
68/22: Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects if swallowed


Safety Phrases

Indication of Safety Precautions

S1: Keep locked up
2: Keep out of the reach of children
3: Keep in a cool place
4: Keep away from living quarters
5: Keep contents under ... (appropriate liquid to be specified by the manufacturer)
6: Keep under ... (inert gas to be specified by the manufacturer)
7: Keep container tightly closed
8: Keep container dry
9: Keep container in a well-ventilated place
12: Do not keep the container sealed
13: Keep away from food, drink and animal feeding stuffs
14: Keep away from ... (incompatible materials to be indicated by the manufacturer)
15: Keep away from heat
16: Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking
17: Keep away from combustible material
18: Handle and open container with care
20: When using, do not eat or drink
21: When using, do not smoke
22: Do not breathe dust
23: Do not breathe gas/fumes/vapor/spray (appropriate wording to be specified by the manufacturer)
24: Avoid contact with skin
25: Avoid contact with eyes
26: In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice
27: Take off immediately all contaminated clothing
28: After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of ... (to be specified by the manufacturer)
29: Do not empty into drains
30: Never add water to this product
33: Take precautionary measures against static discharges
35: This material and its container must be disposed of in a safe way
36: Wear suitable protective clothing
37: Wear suitable gloves
38: In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment
39: Wear eye/face protection
40: To clean the floor and all objects contaminated by this material use ... (to be specified by the manufacturer)
41: In case of fire and/or explosion do not breathe fumes
42: During fumigation/spraying wear suitable respiratory equipment (appropriate wording to be specified)
43: In case of fire, use ... (indicate in the space the precise type of fire-fighting equipment. If water increases the risk add - Never use water)
45: In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show label where possible)
46: If swallowed, seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label
47: Keep at temperature not exceeding ... E C (to be specified by the manufacturer)
48: Keep wetted with ... (appropriate material to be specified by the manufacturer)
49: Keep only in the original container
50: Do not mix with ... (to be specified by the manufacturer)
51: Use only in well-ventilated areas
52: Not recommended for interior use on large surface areas
53: Avoid exposure - obtain special instruction before use
56: Dispose of this material and its container to hazardous or special waste collection point
57: Use appropriate container to avoid environmental contamination
59: Refer to manufacturer/supplier for information on recovery/recycling
60: This material and/or its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste
61: Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions safety data sheet
62: If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label
63: In case of accident by inhalation, remove casualty to fresh air and keep at rest
64: If swallowed, rinse mouth with water (only if the person is conscious)


Combination of Safety Precautions

1/2: Keep locked up and out of the reach of children
3/7: Keep container tightly closed in a cool place
3/9/14: Keep in a cool well-ventilated place away from ... (incompatible materials to be indicated by manufacturer)
3/9/14/49: Keep only in the original container in a cool well-ventilated place away from ... (incompatible materials to be indicated by manufacturer)
3/9/49: Keep only in the original container in a cool well-ventilated place
3/14: Keep in a cool place away from ... (incompatible materials to be indicated by the manufacturer)
7/8: Keep container tightly closed and dry
7/9: Keep container tightly closed and in a well-ventilated place
7/47: Keep container tightly closed and at a temperature not exceeding ... °C (to be specified by manufacturer)
20/21: When using, do not eat, drink or smoke
24/25: Avoid contact with skin and eyes
27/28: After contact with skin, take off immediately all contaminated clothing and wash imediately with plenty of.... (to be specified by the manufacturer)
29/35: Do not empty into drains, dispose of this container and it's material in a safe way
29/56: Do not empty into drains, dispose of this material and its container to hazardous or special waste-collection point
36/37: Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves
36/37/39: Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection
36/39: Wear suitable protective clothing and eye/face protection
37/39: Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection
47/49: Keep only in the original container at temperature not exceeding ... °C (to be specified by manufacturer


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